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Peste des Petits Ruminants at the wildlife-livestock interface in the western Albertine rift and nile basin, East Africa

Fernandez Aguilar Xavier, Mahapatra Mana, Begovoeva Mattia, Kalema-Zikusoka Gladys, Driciru Margaret, Ayebazibwe Chrisostom, Adwok David Solomon, Kock Michael, Kabemba Lukusa Jean-Paul, Muro Jesus, Marco Ignasi, Colom-Cadena Andreu, Espunyes Johan, Meunier Nastacha, Cabezón Oscar, Caron Alexandre, Bataille Arnaud, Libeau Geneviève, Parekh Krupali, Parida Satya, Kock Richard. 2020. Peste des Petits Ruminants at the wildlife-livestock interface in the western Albertine rift and nile basin, East Africa. Viruses, 12 (3):293, 19 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : In the recent past, peste des petits ruminants (PPR) emerged in East Africa causing outbreaks in small livestock across different countries, with evidences of spillover to wildlife. In order to understand better PPR at the wildlife–livestock interface, we investigated patterns of peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) exposure, disease outbreaks, and viral sequences in the northern Albertine Rift. PPRV antibodies indicated a widespread exposure in apparently healthy wildlife from South Sudan (2013) and Uganda (2015, 2017). African buffaloes and Uganda kobs <1-year-old from Queen Elizabeth National Park (2015) had antibodies against PPRV N-antigen and local serosurvey captured a subsequent spread of PPRV in livestock. Outbreaks with PPR-like syndrome in sheep and goats were recorded around the Greater Virunga Landscape in Kasese (2016), Kisoro and Kabale (2017) from western Uganda, and in North Kivu (2017) from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This landscape would not be considered typical for PPR persistence as it is a mixed forest–savannah ecosystem with mostly sedentary livestock. PPRV sequences from DRC (2017) were identical to strains from Burundi (2018) and confirmed a transboundary spread of PPRV. Our results indicate an epidemiological linkage between epizootic cycles in livestock and exposure in wildlife, denoting the importance of PPR surveillance on wild artiodactyls for both conservation and eradication programs.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Virus peste petits ruminants, Peste des petits ruminants, Interactions biologiques, Épidémiologie, Animal sauvage, Bétail, Maladie transfrontière

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique orientale

Mots-clés libres : Peste des petits ruminants, Wildlife, Epidemiology, Transboundary Emerging Diseases, East Africa

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L70 - Veterinary science and hygiene

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fernandez Aguilar Xavier, Royal Veterinary College (GBR) - auteur correspondant
  • Mahapatra Mana, The Pirbright Institute (GBR)
  • Begovoeva Mattia, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Kalema-Zikusoka Gladys, Conservation Through Public Health (UGA)
  • Driciru Margaret, Uganda wildlife Authority (UGA)
  • Ayebazibwe Chrisostom, National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre (UGA)
  • Adwok David Solomon, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory (SDN)
  • Kock Michael, Wildlife Conservation Society (USA)
  • Kabemba Lukusa Jean-Paul, Regional Gorilla Conservation Employees Health Program (COG)
  • Muro Jesus, Daktari (AND)
  • Marco Ignasi, Wildlife Conservation Medicine Research Group (ESP)
  • Colom-Cadena Andreu, Wildlife Conservation Medicine Research Group (ESP)
  • Espunyes Johan, Wildlife Conservation Medicine Research Group (ESP)
  • Meunier Nastacha, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)
  • Cabezón Oscar, Wildlife Conservation Medicine Research Group (ESP)
  • Caron Alexandre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (MOZ) ORCID: 0000-0002-5213-3273
  • Bataille Arnaud, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Libeau Geneviève, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA)
  • Parekh Krupali, The Pirbright Institute (GBR)
  • Parida Satya, The Pirbright Institute (GBR)
  • Kock Richard, Royal Veterinary College (GBR)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596073/)

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