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From texts to enacting practices: Defining fair and equitable research principles for plant genetic resources in West Africa

Jankowski Frédérique, Louafi Selim, Kane Ndjido Ardo, Diol M., Diao Camara Astou, Pham Jean Louis, Berthouly-Salazar Cécile, Barnaud Adeline. 2020. From texts to enacting practices: Defining fair and equitable research principles for plant genetic resources in West Africa. Agriculture and Human Values, 37 : pp. 1083-1094.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : Collaborative research practices in the field of plant genetic resources must follow the principles of fairness and equity as defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and in the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA). In this context the concepts of fairness and equity generally refer to the substantive and procedural dimensions associated with sharing the benefits of this research. But neither term is clearly defined by these international treaties, and the meanings attributed to the concepts vary among different societies. This paper looks at the question of how to account for the diversity among value systems when conducting research that implicates diverse stakeholders and respects the requirements of fairness and equity. We incorporated an auto-ethnography method developed as part of a multi-stakeholder network involved in research projects on plant genetic resources in West Africa. A theatrical device was used as a framework for testing the principles of fairness and equity, helping us to collectively identify feelings of injustice, and explore the conditions for making collaborative research practices more ethical in ways that respect the perspectives of different stakeholders. In an environment of extensive political and socio-cognitive inequality, this approach makes it possible to explain the criteria relating to interactional justice and expectations in terms of socio-political and socio-emotional benefits. It also invites us to consider the principles of fairness and equity in a framework of ethical competence that goes beyond international directives.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Ressource génétique végétale, Recherche interdisciplinaire, Accès et partage des avantages

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique occidentale

Mots-clés libres : Access and benefit sharing (ABS), Ethics, Interactional justice, Transdisciplinary research, Forum theater

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Jankowski Frédérique, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Louafi Selim, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Kane Ndjido Ardo, ISRA (SEN)
  • Diol M.
  • Diao Camara Astou, ISRA (SEN)
  • Pham Jean Louis, IRD (FRA)
  • Berthouly-Salazar Cécile, IRD (FRA)
  • Barnaud Adeline, IRD (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596130/)

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