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The global abundance of tree palms

Muscarella Robert, Emilio Thaise, Phillips Oliver L., Lewis Simon L., Slik J.W. Ferry, Baker William J., Couvreur Thomas, Eiserhardt Wolf L., Svenning Jens-Christian, Affum-Baffoe Kofi, Aiba Shin-Ichiro, De Almeida Everton Cristo, De Almeida Samuel S., Almeida de Oliveira Edmar, Álvarez‐Dávila Esteban, Alves Luciana F., Alvez‐Valles Carlos Mariano, Alvim Carvalho Fabrício, Alzate Guarin Fernando, Andrade Ana, Aragao Luiz E.O.C., Araujo Murakami Alejandro, Arroyo Luzmila, Ashton Peter, Aymard Corredor Gerardo A., Baker Timothy R., Barbosa de Camargo Plínio, Barlow Jos, Bastin Jean-François, Nssi Bengone Natacha, Berenguer Erika, Berry Nicholas, Blanc Lilian, Böhning‐Gaese Katrin, Bonal Damien, Bongers Frans, Bradford Matt, Brambach Fabian, Brearley Francis Q., Brewer Steven W., Camargo Jose Luis C., Campbell David G., Castilho Carolina V., Castro Wendeson, Catchpole Damien, Cerón Martínez Jose L., Chen Shengbin, Chhang Phourin, Cho Percival, Chutipong Wanlop, Clark Connie J., Collins Murray, Comiskey James A., Corrales Medina Massiel, Costa Flávia R.C, Culmsee Heike, David‐Higuita Heriberto, Davidar Priya, Del Aguila‐Pasquel Jhon, Derroire Géraldine, Di Fiore Anthony, Van Do Tran, Doucet Jean-Louis, Dourdain Aurélie, Drake Ronald D., Ensslin Andreas, Erwin Terry, Ewango Corneille, Ewers Robert M., Fauset Sophie, Feldpausch Ted R., Ferreira Joice, Valle Ferreira Leandro, Fischer Markus, Franklin Janet, Fredriksson Gabriella, Gillespie Thomas, Gilpin Martin, Gonmadje Christelle, Gunatilleke Arachchige Upali Nimal, Rehman Hakeem Khalid, Hall Jefferson, Hamer Keith C., Harris David, Harrison Rhett, Hector Andy, Hemp Andreas, Herault Bruno, Hidalgo Pizango Carlos Gabriel, Honorio Coronado Eurídice N., Hubau Wannes, Shah Hussain Mohammad, Ibrahim Faridah‐Hanum, Imai Nobuo, Joly Carlos Alfredo, Joseph Shijo, K Anitha, Kartawinata Kuswata, Kassi Justin, Killeen Timothy J., Kitayama Kanehiro, Bang Klitgård Bente, Kooyman Robert, Labriere Nicolas, Larney Eileen, Laumonier Yves, et al.. 2020. The global abundance of tree palms. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 29 (9) : pp. 1495-1514.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Abstract : Aim: Palms are an iconic, diverse and often abundant component of tropical ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services. Being monocots, tree palms are evolutionarily, morphologically and physiologically distinct from other trees, and these differences have important consequences for ecosystem services (e.g., carbon sequestration and storage) and in terms of responses to climate change. We quantified global patterns of tree palm relative abundance to help improve understanding of tropical forests and reduce uncertainty about these ecosystems under climate change. Location: Tropical and subtropical moist forests. Time period: Current. Major taxa studied: Palms (Arecaceae). Methods: We assembled a pantropical dataset of 2,548 forest plots (covering 1,191 ha) and quantified tree palm (i.e., ≥10 cm diameter at breast height) abundance relative to co‐occurring non‐palm trees. We compared the relative abundance of tree palms across biogeographical realms and tested for associations with palaeoclimate stability, current climate, edaphic conditions and metrics of forest structure. Results: On average, the relative abundance of tree palms was more than five times larger between Neotropical locations and other biogeographical realms. Tree palms were absent in most locations outside the Neotropics but present in >80% of Neotropical locations. The relative abundance of tree palms was more strongly associated with local conditions (e.g., higher mean annual precipitation, lower soil fertility, shallower water table and lower plot mean wood density) than metrics of long‐term climate stability. Life‐form diversity also influenced the patterns; palm assemblages outside the Neotropics comprise many non‐tree (e.g., climbing) palms. Finally, we show that tree palms can influence estimates of above‐ground biomass, but the magnitude and direction of the effect require additional work. Conclusions: Tree palms are not only quintessentially tropical, but they are also overwhelmingly Neotropical. Future work to understand the contributions of tree palms to biomass estimates and carbon cycling will be particularly crucial in Neotropical forests.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Arecaceae, Biodiversité, Forêt tropicale humide, Facteur du milieu, Biogéographie, Inventaire forestier, biomasse aérienne des arbres, Densité, Bois, Variance génétique

Mots-clés complémentaires : forêt subtropicale, facteurs abiotiques, Densité du bois

Mots-clés libres : Above‐ground biomass, Abundance patterns, Arecaceae, Local abiotic conditions, Neotropics, Pantropical biogeography, Tropical rainforest, Wood density

Classification Agris : F40 - Plant ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Agence(s) de financement européenne(s) : European Research Council

Programme de financement européen : FP7

Projet(s) de financement européen(s) : Tropical forests in the changing earth system

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Muscarella Robert, Uppsala University (SWE) - auteur correspondant
  • Emilio Thaise, UNICAMP (BRA)
  • Phillips Oliver L., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Lewis Simon L., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Slik J.W. Ferry, Universiti Brunei Darussalam (BRN)
  • Baker William J., Royal Botanic Garden (GBR)
  • Couvreur Thomas, IRD (FRA)
  • Eiserhardt Wolf L., Aarhus University (DNK)
  • Svenning Jens-Christian, Aarhus University (DNK)
  • Affum-Baffoe Kofi, Forestry Commission (GHA)
  • Aiba Shin-Ichiro, Hokkaido University (JPN)
  • De Almeida Everton Cristo, Universidade Federal do Oeste do Pará (BRA)
  • De Almeida Samuel S., Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi (BRA)
  • Almeida de Oliveira Edmar, UFMS (BRA)
  • Álvarez‐Dávila Esteban, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia (COL)
  • Alves Luciana F., UC (USA)
  • Alvez‐Valles Carlos Mariano, IVITA (PER)
  • Alvim Carvalho Fabrício, Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora (BRA)
  • Alzate Guarin Fernando, Universidad de Antioquia (COL)
  • Andrade Ana, INPA (BRA)
  • Aragao Luiz E.O.C., INPE (BRA)
  • Araujo Murakami Alejandro, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene Moreno (BOL)
  • Arroyo Luzmila, Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene Moreno (BOL)
  • Ashton Peter, Harvard University (USA)
  • Aymard Corredor Gerardo A., Compensation International Progress S.A (COL)
  • Baker Timothy R., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Barbosa de Camargo Plínio, Center for Nuclear Energy in Agriculture (BRA)
  • Barlow Jos, Lancaster University (GBR)
  • Bastin Jean-François, ETH (CHE)
  • Nssi Bengone Natacha, National Agency of National Parks (GAB)
  • Berenguer Erika, University of Oxford (GBR)
  • Berry Nicholas, The Landscapes and Livelihoods Group (GBR)
  • Blanc Lilian, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (FRA)
  • Böhning‐Gaese Katrin, Goethe University (DEU)
  • Bonal Damien, Université de Lorraine (FRA)
  • Bongers Frans, Wageningen University and Research Centre (NLD)
  • Bradford Matt, CSIRO (AUS)
  • Brambach Fabian, University of Göttingen (DEU)
  • Brearley Francis Q., MMU (GBR)
  • Brewer Steven W., Wild Earth Allies (USA)
  • Camargo Jose Luis C., INPA (BRA)
  • Campbell David G., Grinnell College (USA)
  • Castilho Carolina V., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Castro Wendeson, Amazonia Green Landscape Protection and Governance Programme (BRA)
  • Catchpole Damien, University of Tasmania (AUS)
  • Cerón Martínez Jose L., Universidad Central del Ecuador (ECU)
  • Chen Shengbin, Chengdu University of Technology (CHN)
  • Chhang Phourin, Forest and Wildlife Research Institute (KHM)
  • Cho Percival, Forest Department (BLZ)
  • Chutipong Wanlop, King Mongut's Institute of Technology Thonburi (THA)
  • Clark Connie J., Duke University (USA)
  • Collins Murray, University of Edinburgh (GBR)
  • Comiskey James A., National Park Service (USA)
  • Corrales Medina Massiel, Universidad Nacional de San Agustín de Arequipa (ARG)
  • Costa Flávia R.C, INPA (BRA)
  • Culmsee Heike, German Federal Foundation for the Environment (DEU)
  • David‐Higuita Heriberto, Universidad de Antioquia (COL)
  • Davidar Priya, Sigur Nature Trust (IND)
  • Del Aguila‐Pasquel Jhon, IIAP (PER)
  • Derroire Géraldine, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (GUF) ORCID: 0000-0001-7239-2881
  • Di Fiore Anthony, University of Texas (USA)
  • Van Do Tran, Academy of Forest Sciences (CHN)
  • Doucet Jean-Louis, AgroParisTech (BEL)
  • Dourdain Aurélie, CIRAD-ES-UMR Ecofog (GUF) ORCID: 0000-0002-6847-0434
  • Drake Ronald D., University of Hawaii (USA)
  • Ensslin Andreas, University of Bern (CHE)
  • Erwin Terry, Smithsonian Institution (USA)
  • Ewango Corneille, University of Kisangani (COD)
  • Ewers Robert M., Imperial College London (GBR)
  • Fauset Sophie, University of Plymouth (GBR)
  • Feldpausch Ted R., University of Exeter (GBR)
  • Ferreira Joice, EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Valle Ferreira Leandro, Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi (BRA)
  • Fischer Markus, University of Bern (CHE)
  • Franklin Janet, UC (USA)
  • Fredriksson Gabriella, Pro Natura Foundation (IDN)
  • Gillespie Thomas, UC (USA)
  • Gilpin Martin, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Gonmadje Christelle, Université de Yaoundé (CMR)
  • Gunatilleke Arachchige Upali Nimal, University of Peradeniya (LKA)
  • Rehman Hakeem Khalid, King Abdulaziz University (SAU)
  • Hall Jefferson, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (PAN)
  • Hamer Keith C., University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Harris David, Royal Botanic Garden (GBR)
  • Harrison Rhett, ICRAF [World Agroforestry Centre] (ZMB)
  • Hector Andy, Oxford University (GBR)
  • Hemp Andreas, Universität Bayreuth (DEU)
  • Herault Bruno, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (CIV) ORCID: 0000-0002-6950-7286
  • Hidalgo Pizango Carlos Gabriel, IIAP (PER)
  • Honorio Coronado Eurídice N., IIAP (PER)
  • Hubau Wannes, University of Leeds (GBR)
  • Shah Hussain Mohammad, University of Delhi (IND)
  • Ibrahim Faridah‐Hanum, Universiti Putra Malaysia (MYS)
  • Imai Nobuo, Kyoto University (JPN)
  • Joly Carlos Alfredo, UNICAMP (BRA)
  • Joseph Shijo, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies (IND)
  • K Anitha, Rainforest Traditions (IND)
  • Kartawinata Kuswata, Herbarium Bogoriense (IDN)
  • Kassi Justin, Université Félix Houphouët‐Boigny (CIV)
  • Killeen Timothy J., Universidad Autónoma Gabriel Rene Moreno (BOL)
  • Kitayama Kanehiro, Kyoto University (JPN)
  • Bang Klitgård Bente, Royal Botanic Garden (GBR)
  • Kooyman Robert, Macquarie University (AUS)
  • Labriere Nicolas, CNRS (FRA)
  • Larney Eileen, Zoological Society of London (GBR)
  • Laumonier Yves, CIRAD-ES-UPR Forêts et sociétés (IDN)
  • et al.

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596180/)

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