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Geographical distribution of quinoa crop wild relatives in the Peruvian Andes: A participatory mapping initiative

Fagandini Ruiz Francesca, Bazile Didier, Drucker A.G., Tapia M., Chura E.. 2020. Geographical distribution of quinoa crop wild relatives in the Peruvian Andes: A participatory mapping initiative. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 22 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The Peruvian Andes are among the world's most important centers of origin for genetic diversity of crops and plants. Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) was domesticated in the Bolivian and Peruvian Andean region around Lake Titicaca. In situ conservation systems for quinoa germplasm and its wild relatives can still be found in the traditional systems of Peruvian farming communities. Quinoa crop wild relatives (CWRs), like the majority of CWRs of other agricultural species, are being affected by the considerable changes in the natural landscapes of the Andes. This article analyzes the presence and distribution of seven quinoa CWRs at the agroecosystem level and considers the social and environmental Andean contexts in which they are found. A qualitative research method based on participatory mapping in six local communities of the Puno region in Peru was applied to establish the presence and distribution of the species. We present the results that were confirmed with local actors on participatory GIS maps. Based on our analyses, we conclude that conservation programs should consider both permanent native meadows and cultivated land with their fallow cycles and plot borders. The diversity of the presence of quinoa CWRs is one result of the coexistence of these two land uses.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Chenopodium quinoa, Distribution géographique, approches participatives, Cartographie, Plante sauvage, Conservation des ressources génétiques, Système d'information géographique, Agroécosystème

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Pérou, Région andine

Mots-clés complémentaires : Conservation in situ

Mots-clés libres : Chenopodium quinoa Willd., Crop wild relatives, Participatory mapping, In situ conservation, Peruvian Andes, Agroecosystem

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 1 (2019-) - Biodiversité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fagandini Ruiz Francesca, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR ASTRE (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Bazile Didier, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5617-9319 - auteur correspondant
  • Drucker A.G., Bioversity International (ITA)
  • Tapia M., Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (PER)
  • Chura E., Universidad del Altiplano (PER)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596226/)

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