Multiblock analysis to relate polyphenol targeted mass spectrometry and sensory properties of chocolates and cocoa beans

Fayeulle Noémie, Preys Sébastien, Roger Jean-Michel, Boulanger Renaud, Hue Clotilde, Cheynier Véronique, Sommerer Nicolas. 2020. Multiblock analysis to relate polyphenol targeted mass spectrometry and sensory properties of chocolates and cocoa beans. Metabolites, 10:311, 13 p.

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Abstract : Chocolate quality is largely due to the presence of polyphenols and especially of flavan-3-ols and their derivatives that contribute to bitterness and astringency. The aim of the present work was to assess the potential of a quantitative polyphenol targetedmetabolomics analysis based onmass spectrometry for relating cocoa bean polyphenol composition corresponding chocolate polyphenol composition and sensory properties. One-hundred cocoa bean samples were transformed to chocolates using a standard process, and the latter were attributed to four different groups by sensory analysis. Polyphenols were analyzed by an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) system hyphenated to a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer. A multiblock method called a Common Component and SpecificWeights Analysis (CCSWA) was used to study relationships between the three datasets, i.e., cocoa polyphenols, chocolate polyphenols and sensory profiles. The CCSWA multiblock method coupling sensory and chocolate polyphenols di_erentiated the four sensory poles. It showed that polyphenolic and sensory data both contained information enabling the sensory poles' separation, even if they can be also complementary. A large amount of variance in the cocoa bean and corresponding chocolate polyphenols has been linked. The cocoa bean phenolic composition turned out to be a major factor in explaining the sensory pole separation.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : produits de cacao, Chocolat, Composition des aliments, Polyphénol, Propriété organoleptique, Spectroscopie, Méthode statistique, Analyse multivariée

Mots-clés complémentaires : chimiométrie, spectroscopie de masse, analyse multiblocs

Mots-clés libres : Polyphenols, Sensory, Chocolate, Multiblock analysis

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 3 (2019-) - Systèmes alimentaires

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fayeulle Noémie, INRAE (FRA)
  • Preys Sébastien, ONDALYS (FRA) - auteur correspondant
  • Roger Jean-Michel, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)
  • Boulanger Renaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9396-5634
  • Hue Clotilde, Chocolaterie Valrhona (FRA)
  • Cheynier Véronique, INRAE (FRA)
  • Sommerer Nicolas, INRAE (FRA)

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (

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