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Mitigation of climatic conditions and pest protection provided by insect-proof nets for cabbage cultivation in East Africa

Nordey Thibault, Faye Emile, Chailleux Anaïs, Parrot Laurent, Simon Serge, Mlowe Nickson, Fernandes Paula. 2020. Mitigation of climatic conditions and pest protection provided by insect-proof nets for cabbage cultivation in East Africa. Experimental Agriculture, 56 (4) : pp. 608-619.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Although several studies have underlined the advantages of using insect-proof nets to improve yields while reducing the use of pesticides, one obstacle to the diffusion of this technique in tropical conditions is the associated increase in temperature in the tunnel. The aim of this work was to assess the interest of combining the physical protection provided by nets against insect pests with the beneficial impacts of using shade nets to grow cabbages. A two-season experiment was set up to compare temperature conditions, insect pest populations, yields, and the quality of cabbage crops grown in the open field and in low tunnels covered with nets providing different degrees of shading, 17.2% by white and 50.1% by silver nets. During the day, the temperature under the white and silver nets was 10.4 °C and 6.3 °C higher, respectively, than in the open field in the first season, and 6.5 °C and 5.9 °C higher in the second season. Both insect-proof nets significantly reduced insect pest populations and hence the need for insecticide treatments. The white nets increased marketable yield by 45.4% in the first season and by 16.4% in the second compared to yields in the open field, whereas silver nets reduced yield by 18.6% and 15.0%, respectively. The reduction in yield under silver nets was attributed to excessive shading that prevented the light requirements of cabbage crops from being fulfilled. Economic analysis raised some concerns about the profitability of the use of netting to grow cabbage due to investment costs and the lack of premium prices for vegetables produced with fewer pesticides in local markets.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : atténuation des effets du changement climatique, Brassica oleracea capitata, Gestion des organismes nuisibles, Facteur climatique, Climat tropical, Protection des plantes, Insecte nuisible, Lutte antiravageur

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique orientale

Mots-clés complémentaires : filet de protection

Mots-clés libres : Africa Temperature, Pest management, Temperature, Tropical conditions, Vegetables

Classification Agris : H01 - Protection of plants - General aspects
H10 - Pests of plants
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 4 (2019-) - Santé des plantes, des animaux et des écosystèmes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Nordey Thibault, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (TZA) - auteur correspondant
  • Faye Emile, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7764-3256
  • Chailleux Anaïs, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (SEN)
  • Parrot Laurent, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (FRA)
  • Simon Serge, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0001-8811-7809
  • Mlowe Nickson, The World Vegetable Center (TZA)
  • Fernandes Paula, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0001-7668-8700

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596564/)

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