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5-CQA and mangiferin, two leaf biomarkers of adaptation to full sun or shade conditions in Coffea arabica L.

Duangsodsri Teerarat, Villain Luc, Vestalys Ialy Rojo, Michalet Serge, Abdallah Cécile, Breitler Jean-Christophe, Bordeaux Mélanie, Villegas Andres Mauricio, Raherimandimby Marson, Legendre Laurent, Etienne Hervé, Bertrand Benoît, Campa Claudine. 2020. 5-CQA and mangiferin, two leaf biomarkers of adaptation to full sun or shade conditions in Coffea arabica L.. Metabolites, 10 (10):383, 22 p.

Journal article ; Article de recherche ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Abstract : Phenolic compounds are involved in plant response to environmental conditions and are highly present in leaves of Coffea arabica L., originally an understory shrub. To increase knowledge of C. arabica leaf phenolic compounds and their patterns in adaptation to light intensity, mature leaves of Ethiopian wild accessions, American pure lines and their relative F1 hybrids were sampled in full sun or under 50% shade field plots in Mexico and at two contrasting elevations in Nicaragua and Colombia. Twenty-one phenolic compounds were identified by LC-DAD-MS2 and sixteen were quantified by HPLC-DAD. Four of them appeared to be involved in C. arabica response to light intensity. They were consistently more accumulated in full sun, presenting a stable ratio of leaf content in the sun vs. shade for all the studied genotypes: 1.6 for 5-CQA, F-dihex and mangiferin and 2.8 for rutin. Moreover, 5-CQA and mangiferin contents, in full sun and shade, allowed for differentiating the two genetic groups of Ethiopian wild accessions (higher contents) vs. cultivated American pure lines. They appear, therefore, to be potential biomarkers of adaptation of C. arabica to light intensity for breeding programs. We hypothesize that low 5-CQA and mangiferin leaf contents should be searched for adaptation to full-sun cropping systems and high contents used for agroforestry systems.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Composé phénolique, Feuille, Réponse de la plante, Lumière du jour, Marqueur génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mexique, Nicaragua, Colombie

Mots-clés libres : Coffee, Phenolic compounds, Light intensity, Arabica, Adaptive response, Biomarkers, Coffea arabica L., Full-sun conditions, Light response

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : CTS 2 (2019-) - Transitions agroécologiques

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Duangsodsri Teerarat, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Villain Luc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Vestalys Ialy Rojo, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Michalet Serge, Université de Lyon (FRA)
  • Abdallah Cécile, Université de Montpellier (FRA)
  • Breitler Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (MEX)
  • Bordeaux Mélanie, NICAFRANCE (NIC)
  • Villegas Andres Mauricio
  • Raherimandimby Marson, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Legendre Laurent, Université de Lyon (FRA)
  • Etienne Hervé, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Bertrand Benoît, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR IPME (FRA)
  • Campa Claudine, IRD (FRA) - auteur correspondant

Source : Cirad-Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/596636/)

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