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Maltose promotes somatic embryogenesis in Hevea brasiliensis

Blanc Géraldine, Carron Marc-Philippe, Lardet Ludovic, Michaux-Ferrière Nicole, Teisson Claude. 1998. Maltose promotes somatic embryogenesis in Hevea brasiliensis. In : Plant biotechnology and in vitro biology in the 21st century: abstracts of the 9th International Congress on Plant Tissue and Cell Culture, 14-19. 06/1998, Jerusalem (Israel)/IAPTC. Jérusalem : IAPTC, p. 66. International Congress on Plant Tissue and Cell Culture. 9, Jérusalem, Israël, 14 June 1998/19 June 1998.

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Autre titre : Le maltose stimule l'embryogenèse somatique d'Hevea brasiliensis

Abstract : In #Hevea brasiliensis# somatic embyogenesis is necessary for mass clonal propagation. The CIRAD team has developed a somatic embryogenesis process that has already been used to regenerate numerous #in vitro# plantlets, which are currently being tested in field trials and have given promising initial results. Friable callus lines from various genotypes are maintained in the laboratory on a gel medium. Regeneration is started on a medium containing reduced amounts of growth regulators and 234 mM of sucrose as the carbon source. After around one month of proliferation, the callus undergoes necrosis and somatic embryogenesis proper is initiated. However, few cells are involved in this phenomenon. Transferring the calli to a medium without growth regulators enables the development of somatic embryos and their subsequent germination. In order to improve the initiation of somatic embryogenesis, we replaced the sucrose in the first medium with hexose, another diholoside or a polyol at the same concentration. We also varied the time spent by the culture on this medium from 0 to 56 days. The best results were obtained with maltose and 28 days' culture. Histological observations showed maltose has a rapid and uniform effect on the initiation of somatic embryogenesis. It is particularly reflected in the development of a larger number of somatic embryos. Callus growth was measured. Callus carbon and mineral nutrition was monitored over time and other biochemical measurements (proteins, antioxidants) were taken, including a quantification of the enzymatic activities involved in oxidating stresses. All these measurements showed that the nature of the carbohydrate contained in the culture medium has an effect on the orientation of cell metabolism. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Hevea brasiliensis, Embryogénèse somatique, Milieu de culture, Maltose, Embryon somatique, Callogénèse, Développement embryonnaire

Classification Agris : F02 - Plant propagation

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Blanc Géraldine, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (FRA)
  • Carron Marc-Philippe, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (FRA)
  • Lardet Ludovic, CIRAD-CP-HEVEA (FRA)
  • Michaux-Ferrière Nicole
  • Teisson Claude, CIRAD-AMIS-BIOTROP (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/390424/)

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