Evolution and co-evolution of individuals and groups in environment

Rouchier Juliette, Barreteau Olivier, Bousquet François, Proton Hubert. 1998. Evolution and co-evolution of individuals and groups in environment. In : Proceedings : International conference on multi-agent systems. Piscataway : IEEE, pp. 254-260. ISBN 0-8186-8500-X International conference on multi-agent systems (ICMAS-1998). 3, Paris, France, 3 July 1998/7 July 1998.

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Autre titre : Evolution et co-évolution des individus et des groupes dans l'environnement

Abstract : To study the social organisation of sets of agents managing common property goods, we use multi-agent simulations. This paper describes how the idea of group is analysed in this context. On the one hand agents build conslantly themselves and the community; through their actions on their common environment and their different interactions with others. On the other hand the group preexists to the agents and compels their actions. To move beyond this dualism we explore different ways to take in account both organisation levels at a same time. Two approaches of that idea have been implemented and are presented here. The first, modelling the potlatch, deals with emerging collective structures that are observed by the model user and by the agents themselves. The second, simulating irrigated systems, defines both organisation levels as autonomous agents that coevolve in their environment. A tool was specially created to stick together these two approaches and is described in the discussion. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Modèle de simulation, Sociologie économique, Structure sociale, Comportement économique, Gestion des eaux, Prise de décision, Irrigation, Modélisation

Mots-clés complémentaires : Système multiagents

Classification Agris : E50 - Rural sociology
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rouchier Juliette, CIRAD-TERA-ERE (FRA)
  • Barreteau Olivier, CIRAD-TERA-ERE (FRA)
  • Bousquet François, CIRAD-TERA-ERE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-4552-3724
  • Proton Hubert

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