Effect of undernutrition and refeeding on digestion in Bos taurus and Bos indicus in a tropical environment

Grimaud Patrice, Richard Didier, Kanwé Augustin, Durier C., Doreau Michel. 1998. Effect of undernutrition and refeeding on digestion in Bos taurus and Bos indicus in a tropical environment. Animal Science, 67 : pp. 49-58.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Autre titre : Effet d'une sous-nutrition et d'une réalimentation sur la digestion des taurins et des zébus en zone tropicale

Abstract : The effect of underfeeding and refeeding on digestion was studied in Bos taurus and Bos indicus cows. Eight nonlactating cows, four B. taurus and four B. indicus (live weight 156 kg and 207 kg respectively) were first given a forage-based diet at a level above energy maintenance requirements for 4 weeks (3-65 and 4-66 kg dry matter (DM) per day respectively for B. taurus and B. indicus). They were then restricted at a low level of intake for 2 months (1-83 and 2-33 kg DM per day respectively for B. taurus and B. indicus) and finally refed at the first level for 2 months. Digestion measurements were made before the underfeeding period, at 3 and 8 weeks of underfeeding and at 3 and 8 weeks of refeeding. Organic matter apparent digestibility decreased with underfeeding and increased with refeeding (0-637, 0.591, 0-652, 0-692 and 0-669 in B. taurus and 0-674, 0-560, 0-580, 0-698 and 0-692 in B. indicus, respectively 1 week before, 3 and 8 weeks after underfeeding, and 3 and 8 weeks after refeeding). This lower apparent digestibility at low level of intake was not expected either by ruminal particle retention time, which increased when intake decreased, or by measurements of microbial activity : DM degradability measured in situ and ruminal particle size did not vary with level of intake. An effect of the length of underfeeding and refeeding was seen : the apparent digestibility tended to increase after several weeks of undernutrition and was higher after refeeding than before underfeeding. No difference was observed between the two genotypes. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Bovin, Zébu, Malnutrition, Sous-alimentation, Digestion du rumen, Climat tropical

Classification Agris : L51 - Animal physiology - Nutrition

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Grimaud Patrice, CIRAD-EMVT-PPA (REU)
  • Richard Didier, CIRAD-EMVT-DIR (FRA)
  • Kanwé Augustin
  • Durier C.
  • Doreau Michel

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