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Modelling of the dynamics of Al and protons in the rhizosphere of maize cultivated in acid substrate

Calba Henri, Cazevieille Patrick, Jaillard Benoît. 1999. Modelling of the dynamics of Al and protons in the rhizosphere of maize cultivated in acid substrate. Plant and Soil, 209 : pp. 57-69.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Autre titre : Modélisation de la dynamique de Al et des protons dans la rhizosphère de plants de maïs cultivés sur substrat acide

Abstract : The object of this study was to analyze the dynamics of Al and protons in the rhizosphere of maize cultivated in a simple acid substrate, so as to allow the use of a dynamic model of the functioning of a rhizosphere consisting of an organic phase (an agarose gel) and a mineral phase (an amorphous aluminium hydroxide). Two cultivars of maize (Zea mays L.), one Al-sensitive and the other Al-tolerant, were cultivated on this substrate in the presence of different proportions of NH4+ and NO3-, which served to acidify the rhizosphere to a greater or lesser extent. The state of the agarose gel and of the cell walls of the roots were monitored using an ion exchange model which had previously been calibrated for each substrate. The experiment showed that Al and protons reduce root growth and the Ca and Mg content in the root, while relative growth varies little between pH 4.0 and pH 4.5. The model showed that competition between Al and protons for the binding sites of the cell walls might account for these results. The sensitivity of the model to the rate of Al(OH)3 dissolution and to the cation exchange capacity of the culture substrate was tested by numerical simulation. When roots release protons and dissolve Al(OH)3 in the rhizosphere, there is little possibility of Al desorption by protons on the cell walls at pHs compatible with good root growth of maize, plant specie sensitive to Al and H. Furthermore, the phytotoxicity of the different forms of Al hydroxides should be considered only in taking into account the dynamics of the whole system, in particular the solubilisation of Al in the rhizosphere. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Zea mays, Aluminium, Ion, Transport dans le sol, Rhizosphère, pH, Substrat de culture, Sol acide, Modèle de simulation, Variété, Résistance aux facteurs nuisibles, Racine, Membrane cellulaire, Phytotoxicité, Échange d'ion

Classification Agris : U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
P35 - Soil fertility
F61 - Plant physiology - Nutrition

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Calba Henri, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA)
  • Cazevieille Patrick, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA)
  • Jaillard Benoît

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/391923/)

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