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A comparison of Bradyrhizobium strains using molecular, cultural and field studies

Frémont M., Prin Yves, Chauvière Diem H.G., Pwee K.H., Tan T.K.. 1999. A comparison of Bradyrhizobium strains using molecular, cultural and field studies. Plant Science, 141 (1) : pp. 81-91.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : #Acacia mangium# is a leguminous tree used in industrial plantations for the production of pulp wood, and for the rehabilitation of degraded soils. Its ability to grow in very poor soils is due to its symbiotic association with nitrogen-fixing #Bradyrhizobium#. In this study, 33 isolates of #Bradyrhizobium# and #Rhizobium# obtained from #A. mangium# plantations in Sabah, Malaysia, were characterised by PCR amplification of ribosomal DNA and RFLP analysis, host spectrum and antibiotic resistance. The Sabah isolates were also compared with isolates collected from Singapore, Australia, and Africa. The results distinguished two main groups of #Bradyrhizobium#. Group I strains were prevalent, widely dispersed but genetically closely related. They were also closely related to the Singapore and Australian strains. Strains from Group II were less widely dispersed and more distantly related. Greenhouse and field inoculation trials with #A. mangium# seedlings showed that the Group I strains were more effective in enhancing plant growth than Group II strains. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Acacia mangium, Bradyrhizobium, Rhizobium, Inoculation, Graine, Bactérie fixatrice de l'azote, Analyse biologique, Résistance aux produits chimiques, Antibiotique, Technique de l'isolement, méthode, ADN, Développement biologique, Génétique, Récupération des sols

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
K10 - Forestry production
P36 - Soil erosion, conservation and reclamation

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Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_PA886 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; BA_BR905 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/391986/)

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