International cocoa breeding and selection initiatives

Eskes Albertus. 1999. International cocoa breeding and selection initiatives. In : USDA-CABI-ACRI collaborative cocoa-coffee research meeting = [Réunion de collaboration USDA - CABI - ACRI sur la recherche caféière et cacaoyère]. USDA; CABI; ACRI. s.l. : s.n., 8 p. USDA-CABI-ACRI Collaborative Cocoa-Coffee Research Meeting, Londres, Royaume-Uni, 7 December 1999/8 December 1999.

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Autre titre : Initiatives internationales pour l'amélioration et la sélection du cacaoyer

Abstract : Good planting material is an essential feature of sustainable cocoa cultivation. However, the potential of the cocoa genetic resources is still largely under-utilised. Only about 30% of the cocoa acreage is planted with selected varieties that show improved yield capacity. Most planting material is highly susceptible to diseases and pests though significant variation for resistance has been found in collections and breeding trials. Cocoa selection activities have suffered from the long period of low cocoa prices and some programmes were even discontinued. Past international collaboration has played an important role in breeding and selection of new cocoa varieties. The CFC/ICCO/IPGRI project is currently reinforcing certain activities but more support will be required to ensure effective utilisation of cocoa genetic resources. Regional selection programmes would be possible in the light of the similarity in production constraints within America, Africa and Asia. Interaction between different disciplines and with farmers is fundamental for obtaining results adapted to the needs of the producers and consumers. The following aspects will be dealt with in this paper: 1. present status of available planting materials, 2. trends in cocoa breeding, 3. ongoing international collaboration, and 4. some priorities or opportunities for new collaborative initiatives. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Amélioration des plantes, Critère de sélection, Organisation de la recherche, Recherche interdisciplinaire, Coopération internationale, Gestion des ressources

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
E16 - Production economics
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Eskes Albertus, CIRAD-CP-CACAO (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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