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Evaluation of bacterial wilt resistance in tomato lines nearly isogenic for the Mi gene for resistance to root-knot

Deberdt Peninna, Olivier J., Thoquet Philippe, Quénéhervé Patrick, Prior Philippe. 1999. Evaluation of bacterial wilt resistance in tomato lines nearly isogenic for the Mi gene for resistance to root-knot. Plant Pathology, 48 (3) : pp. 415-424.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Resistance to bacterial wilt, caused by Ralstonia solanacearum, in tomato lines CRA 66 and Caraïbo is reported to be decreased by root-knot nematode galling and by introduction of the Mi gene for nematode resistance. The Mi gene is located on tomato chromosome 6, which also carries a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for resistance to bacterial wilt. Bacterial wilt resistance was evaluated in F3-progenies derived from two crosses between near-isogenic lines, Caraïbo x Carmido and CRA 66 x Cranita, differing for small and large introgressions from Lycopersicon peruvianum that carry the Mi gene, respectively. These introgressed regions were mapped using RFLP markers. Plants homozygous Mi+/M+ (susceptible to the nematode) and homozygous Mi/Mi (resistant) for the Mi gene were selected in F2 and used to produce F3 progenies. Parents and F3-lines with Mi/Mi had resistance to bacterial wilt reduced by 30% in Caraïbo x Carmido and by 15% in CRA 66 x Cranita. Caraïbo and Carmido were demonstrated to be isolines and the small introgression from L. peruvianum resulted in loss of the QTL for bacterial wilt resistance, which is probably allelic or linked in repulsion to the Mi gene. In contrast, resistance to bacterial wilt segregated in the F3 lines from the cross CRA 66 x Cranita, giving families varying in resistance between the levels shown by the parents. Consequently, two hypotheses were considered: (i) after only four backcrosses, the parents were not isolines and the genes for resistance to bacterial wilt from CRA66 were still segregating, and (ii) the parents were isolines and variation in resistance to bacterial wilt in F3 was due to recombination events among the large L. peruvianum introgressed chromosome region from Cranita. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Solanum lycopersicum, Ralstonia solanacearum, Flétrissement, Héritabilité, Résistance aux maladies, Nématode des plantes, Synergisme, Gène dominant, Résistance aux organismes nuisibles, Résistance génétique, RFLP

Mots-clés complémentaires : Flétrissement bactérien, QTL

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Deberdt Peninna, INRA (GLP)
  • Olivier J., INRA (FRA)
  • Thoquet Philippe, INRA (FRA)
  • Quénéhervé Patrick, IRD (MTQ)
  • Prior Philippe, INRA (GLP)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR10174 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_PE1904 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/481950/)

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