Coupling a grassland ecosystem model with landsat imagery for a 10-year simulation of carbon and water budgets

Nouvellon Yann, Moran M. Susan, Lo Seen Danny, Bryant Ross, Rambal Serge, Ni Wanmei, Bégué Agnès, Chehbouni A. Ghani, Emmerich William E., Heilman Phil, Qi Jiaguo. 2001. Coupling a grassland ecosystem model with landsat imagery for a 10-year simulation of carbon and water budgets. Remote Sensing of Environment, 78 : pp. 131-149.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Abstract : In this study, high-spatial, low-temporal scale visible remote sensing data were used to calibrate an ecosystem model (EM) for semiarid perennial grasslands. The model was driven by daily meteorological data and simulated plant growth and water budget on the same time step. The model was coupled with a canopy reflectance model to yield the time course of shortwave radiometric profiles. Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced TM Plus (ETM+) images from 10 consecutive years were used to refine the model on a spatially distributed basis. A calibration procedure, which minimized the difference between the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) simulated from the coupled model and measured by the TM and ETM+ sensors, yielded the spatial distribution of an unknown parameter and initial condition. Accuracy of model products, such as daily aboveground biomass, leaf area index (LAI) and soil water content, was assessed by comparing them with field measurements. The promising results suggest that this approach could provide spatially distributed information about both vegetation and soil conditions for day-to-day grassland management. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Écosystème, Herbage, Satellite, Carbone, Modèle

Classification Agris : U30 - Research methods
F40 - Plant ecology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Moran M. Susan, USDA (USA)
  • Lo Seen Danny, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7773-2109
  • Bryant Ross, USDA (USA)
  • Rambal Serge, CNRS (FRA)
  • Ni Wanmei, USDA (USA)
  • Chehbouni A. Ghani, CESBIO (FRA)
  • Emmerich William E., USDA (USA)
  • Heilman Phil, USDA (USA)
  • Qi Jiaguo, USDA (USA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : BA_BR1470 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)] ; BA_BR1489 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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