An overview of the crop model STICS

Brisson Nadine, Gary Christian, Justes Eric, Roche R., Mary Bruno, Ripoche Dominique, Zimmer Daniel, Sierra Jorge, Bertuzzi Patrick, Burger P., Bussière François, Cabidoche Yves-Marie, Cellier Pierre, Debaeke Philippe, Gaudillere J. P., Hénault Catherine, Maraux Florent, Seguin Bernard, Sinoquet Hervé. 2003. An overview of the crop model STICS. European Journal of Agronomy, 18 : pp. 309-332.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Full text not available from this repository.

Autre titre : Vue d'ensemble du modèle STICS

Abstract : STICS is a model that has been developed at INRA (France) since 1996. It simulates crop growth as well as soil water and nitrogen balances driven by daily climatic data. It calculates both agricultural variables (yield, input consumption) and environmental variables (water and nitrogen losses). From a conceptual point of view, STICS relies essentially on well-known relationships or on simplifications of existing models. One of the key elements of STICS is its adaptability to various crops. This is achieved by the use of generic parameters relevant for most crops and on options in the model formalisations concerning both physiology and management, that have to be chosen for each crop. All the users of the model form a group that participates in making the model and the software evolve, because STICS is not a fixed model but rather an interactive modelling platform. This article presents version 5.0 by giving details on the model formalisations concerning shoot ecophysiology, soil functioning in interaction with roots, and relationships between crop management and the soil-crop system. The data required to run the model relate to climate, soil (water and nitrogen initial profiles and permanent soil features) and crop management. The species and varietal parameters are provided by the specialists of each species. The data required to validate the model relate to the agronomic or environmental outputs at the end of the cropping season. Some examples of validation and application are given, demonstrating the generality of the STICS model and its ability to adapt to a wide range of agro-environmental issues. Finally, the conceptual limits of the model are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Plante de culture, Modèle de simulation, Croissance, Tige, Racine, Bilan hydrique du sol, Azote, Rendement des cultures, Phénologie

Classification Agris : U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F40 - Plant ecology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Brisson Nadine, INRA (FRA)
  • Gary Christian, INRA (FRA)
  • Justes Eric, INRA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7390-7058
  • Roche R., INRA (FRA)
  • Mary Bruno, INRA (FRA)
  • Ripoche Dominique, INRA (FRA)
  • Zimmer Daniel, CEMAGREF (FRA)
  • Sierra Jorge, INRA (FRA)
  • Bertuzzi Patrick, INRA (FRA)
  • Burger P., INRA (FRA)
  • Bussière François, INRA (GLP)
  • Cabidoche Yves-Marie, INRA (GLP)
  • Cellier Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Debaeke Philippe, INRA (FRA)
  • Gaudillere J. P., INRA (FRA)
  • Hénault Catherine, INRA (FRA)
  • Maraux Florent, CIRAD-AMIS-AGRONOMIE (FRA)
  • Seguin Bernard, INRA (FRA)
  • Sinoquet Hervé, INRA (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR11530 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_PE1494 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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