Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden]

Gancel Anne Laure, Olle Didier, Ollitrault Patrick, Luro François, Brillouet Jean-Marc. 2002. Leaf and peel volatile compounds of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid [Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden]. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 17 (6) : pp. 416-424.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The volatile compounds from leaves and peels of an interspecific citrus somatic hybrid, Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swing. + Citrus paradisi Macfayden, obtained by fusion of protoplasts from lime, Citrus aurantifolia (cv. Mexican Lime) and grapefruit, Citrus paradisi (cv. Star Ruby), were extracted by pentane: ether (1 : 1) from liquid nitrogen ball-milled leaves and flavedo and examined by GC-MS in comparison to those of its parents. The hybrid quantitatively retained the ability of the lime parent to synthesize in its leaves the major monoterpene aldehydes (neral, geranial) the monoterpene alcohols (nerol, geraniol), and their acetates, and also the capacity of the grapefruit parent to produce a sesquiterpene aldehyde ([bêta]-sinensal) in its leaves and nootkatone in its peel. Conversely, synthesis of most sesquiterpene hydrocarbons and long chain aliphatic aldehydes, which are present in the lime parent leaves and peel, was strongly inhibited in the hybrid, as in the grapefruit parent. In comparison to its parents, the hybrid overproduced citronellal in its leaves and [alpha]-sinensal and [bêta]-sinensal in its peel. Based on these results, the future prospects for a better understanding of the inheritance mechanisms with regards to aroma biosynthesis in citrus leaves and peels are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus aurantiifolia, Citrus paradisi, Composé volatil, Feuille, Pelure, Hybride somatique, Tétraploïdie, Citronellol, Biosynthèse, Composé de la flaveur, Chromatographie en phase gazeuse, Composition chimique

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Gancel Anne Laure, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA)
  • Olle Didier
  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517
  • Luro François, INRA (FRA)
  • Brillouet Jean-Marc, CIRAD-FLHOR-ARF (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : CD_BR11828 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)] ; CD_PE1138 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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