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Typing Cylindrocladium species by analysis of ribosomal DNA spacers polymorphism : application to field isolates from the banana rhizosphere

Risède Jean-Michel, Simoneau Philippe. 2001. Typing Cylindrocladium species by analysis of ribosomal DNA spacers polymorphism : application to field isolates from the banana rhizosphere. Mycologia, 93 (3) : pp. 494-504.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : Forty-four unidentified isolates of #Cylindrocladium# were recovered from banana root lesions and soils from intensive cropping systems in the Caribbean region, Costa Rica and Cameroon. They were then examined and compared with reference isolates using combinations of morphological characters, sexual crosses and polymorphism of amplified rDNA spacers. According to conidium and vesicle morphology, they were consistently classed into two distinct morphotypes, MT1 and MT2. Sequences of PCR products of their internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region compared with similar sequences from reference isolates representing 7 species of #Cylindrocladium# revealed a very low polymorphism. By contrast, polymorphism in the amplified intergenic spacer region (IGS), as revealed by RFLP analysis, was found to be consistent with the current taxonomy of #Cylindrocladium# species, and sufficient to distinguish taxa at the inter- and intraspecific level. Using this IGS typing procedure, MT1 field isolates were found to group unequivocally with #Cy. gracile#, while MT2 isolates grouped with #Cy. spathiphylli#. The existence of intraspecific variation in the latter species was clearly demonstrated. Reports of these two species from the banana rhizosphere were confirmed by sexual crosses for #Cy. spathiphylli#, but not for #Cy. gracile#, which presently has no known teleomorph. IGS-RFLP markers therefore proved to constitute a rapid and suitable complement to morphological and mating studies for delineation of #Cylindrocladium# species. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa, Cylindrocladium, Rhizosphère, ADN, Polymorphisme génétique, Calonectria, PCR, RFLP, Taxonomie, Racine, Collection de matériel génétique, Provenance, Morphologie du champignon

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Caraïbes, Costa Rica, Cameroun

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
000 - Other themes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Risède Jean-Michel, CIRAD-FLHOR-BPA (GLP)
  • Simoneau Philippe, Université d'Angers (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/522059/)

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