Pathogenic and genetic diversity of soilborne isolates of Cylindrocladium from banana cropping systems

Risède Jean-Michel, Simoneau Philippe. 2004. Pathogenic and genetic diversity of soilborne isolates of Cylindrocladium from banana cropping systems. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 110 (2) : pp. 139-154.

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Abstract : Pathogenicity and genetic variation were investigated within a collection of 104 banana-infecting isolates of #Cylindrocladium# (teleomorph #Calonectria#) originating from different countries and representing previously described morphological taxa or species. These root-rot fungi, along with endoparasitic nematodes, have been reported to be causal agents of necrotic lesions that induce root breakage and toppling of banana plants. Little is known about the individual pathogenic effects of the species involved or their genetic diversity. In the present study, among the five morphological taxa found in the banana rhizosphere, only isolates showing an atypical morphology relative to #Cylindrocladium gracile# (named #Cy. gracile#-like isolates) and #Cy. spathiphylli# isolates were pathogenic on banana cultivar 'Grande Naine'. When comparing the latter isolates with others of the same species, but originating from different hosts, an analysis of rDNA spacer polymorphism partitioned isolates of #Cy. spathiphylli# by host into a banana - tea group and a #Heliconia# - #Spathiphyllum# group. Furthermore, isolates from Heliconia were not pathogenic on banana. A pathogenicity assessment of representative isolates from the #Cy. gracile#-like and the #Cy. spathiphylli# taxa on six different banana cultivars yielded no evidence of differential interactions between isolates and banana genotypes. Significant differences in susceptibility between banana genotypes were nevertheless detected that could potentially be exploited by breeders. Random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis revealed a genetic similarity ranging from 70% to 100% within #Cy. spathiphylli# isolates from bananas regardless of the geographic origin. Moreover, #Cy. gracile#-like isolates were highly similar but showed only 60% similarity relative to the #Cy. gracile# reference isolates, thus raising questions about their species status. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa (bananes), Cylindrocladium, Pouvoir pathogène, Bacteria, Système de culture, Calonectria, Maladie des plantes, Heliconia, RAPD, ADN, Ressource génétique, Maladie fongique, Nématode des plantes

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Risède Jean-Michel, CIRAD-FLHOR-BPA (GLP)
  • Simoneau Philippe, Université d'Angers (FRA)

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