Transformations occurred in family agriculture in a region affected by dam : a case study in the "Submedio Sao Francisco", in the Northeast of Brazil [Preprints]

Da Rocha Barros Edonilce, Tonneau Jean-Philippe. 2004. Transformations occurred in family agriculture in a region affected by dam : a case study in the "Submedio Sao Francisco", in the Northeast of Brazil [Preprints]. In : Working group 18 : Globalisation and family farming social transformations : resistance and mutations. XI World Congress of Rural Sociology, Trondheim, Norway, 25-30 July 2004. IRSA. s.l. : s.n., 13 p. World Congress of Rural Sociology. 11, Trondheim, Norvège, 25 July 2004/30 July 2004.

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Abstract : The Dam of Sobradinho provoked a significant transformation in the way of life and the appropriation and management of space on the Sao Francisco River's edge, mainly referring to the huge projects of irrigation implanted in its Valley, whose waters "combined with flat and viable ground for irrigated agriculture and adapted technology, allowed the accomplishment of this mutation process of the northeastern regional space". When both regional landscape and ecological systems were modified, there were also changes in the daily lives of family farmers who inhabited the margins of the valley, as well as their practices of cultivation, which were extremely simple, as they utilized very rustic tools. It also altered substantially their way of life, their peasant life, demanding a new social engineering in order to re-learn and to re-invent, in the adversity of the new spaces, a specific style of living the campesinidade that reveals an ethic, the expression of a moral order. The objective of this paper is to analyze the transformations that are occurring in family agriculture in the Submedio Sao Francisco (SMSF) where the evolution of the family agriculture has served a striking example of the implantation of irrigation projects that deeply modified the systems of production in this region. This transformation happened in a process of strong State intervention, through public policies with the objective to place the region on the platform of transnational "development". The work is based on an in-progress research in the region of Juazeiro, Bahia, in the Northeast of Brazil. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Petite exploitation agricole, Développement rural, Projet de développement, Agriculture traditionnelle, Irrigation, Changement technologique, Changement social, Exploitation agricole familiale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Brésil

Mots-clés géographiques complémentaires : Nordeste

Classification Agris : E50 - Rural sociology
E14 - Development economics and policies

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