Institutional incentives and agroforestry parklands dynamics in North-Cameroon

Smektala Georges, Leroy Maya, Manlay Raphaël, Njiemoun Aboubakar, Ntoupka Mama, Peltier Régis, Sibelet Nicole, Tapsou, Njiti Clément Forkong, Torquebiau Emmanuel. 2004. Institutional incentives and agroforestry parklands dynamics in North-Cameroon. In : First World Congress of Agroforestry, Orlando (USA), 27 June-2 July 2004. s.l. : s.n., 1 p. World Congress of Agroforestry. 1, Orlando, États-Unis, 27 June 2004/2 July 2004.

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Abstract : In the sudano-sahelian zone of North-Cameroon and for more than a century farmers have been building multipurpose agroforestry parklands, which are either cropped, under fallow, or grazed, and provide various products. Until the 90's, technical advisory structures have ignored these parklands, and even encouraged tree clearing from field, for trees hamper animal draught or mechanical tillage for cotton cultivation. From 1985 onwards research stressed the interest of local agroforestry species; but only in 1996 did the DPGT (Farmer's Development and Territory Management) project attempt to induce tree (Faidherbia albida, Prosopis africana) resettlement in the fields, by subsidising retaining of every new tree. The study shows that farmers hold firm knowledge of tree and parklands management, and that tree retaining and parkland area increase. However, this evolution hangs on the ability of local organisations to take over from DPGT for subsidy management and to reach agreement with the Forestry Administration on how to rule and control tree cutting or pruning by peasants. Tree management will be improved by: (1) pursuing research on thinning, pruning and cutting practices and supporting it by modelling of dynamics of village tree resources, and (2) considering parklands as part of community forests in order to transfer management responsibility to local population, like the forest law allows it. Institutional action based on incentives to farmers can thus sustain agroforestry systems in African savannahs, thereby increasing production, biodiversity and even carbon storage. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Arbre à buts multiples, Revenu, Pâturage, Administration, Communauté rurale, Participation, Produit forestier non ligneux, Gestion des ressources, Propriété foncière

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Mots-clés complémentaires : Foresterie sociale, Bois de village

Mots-clés géographiques complémentaires : Cameroun nord

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Smektala Georges, ENGREF (FRA)
  • Leroy Maya, CNEARC (FRA)
  • Manlay Raphaël, ENGREF (FRA)
  • Njiemoun Aboubakar, IRAD (CMR)
  • Ntoupka Mama, IRAD (CMR)
  • Peltier Régis, CIRAD-FORET-PLANTATIONS (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-8110-7322
  • Sibelet Nicole, CIRAD-TERA-AFM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-6376
  • Tapsou, IRAD (CMR)
  • Njiti Clément Forkong, IRAD (CMR)
  • Torquebiau Emmanuel, CIRAD-TERA-ERE (FRA)

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