Agritrop
Home

Le marcottage terrestre : une technique économique pour la régénération de certains ligneux tropicaux

Bationo André, Karim Saley, Bellefontaine Ronald, Saadou Mahamane, Guinko Sita, Ichaou Aboubacar, Bouhari Amadou. 2005. Le marcottage terrestre : une technique économique pour la régénération de certains ligneux tropicaux. Sécheresse, 16 (4) : pp. 309-311.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
[img] Published version - Français
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
document_531007.pdf

Télécharger (299kB)
[img] Published version - Français
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.
document_531007.pdf

Télécharger (704kB)

Titre anglais : Terrestrial layering : an economical propagation technique for certain tropical woody species

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Additional Information : La version électronique est parue dans Sécheresse = ISSN 1777-5922. - (2005-12)vol.1E:n°3

Abstract : Various regeneration modes of Guiera senegalensis J.F. Gmel. and Combretum micranthum G. Don, two species which are economically important and widespread in West African stripped bushes and follows, are being studied in Burkina Faso and Niger. Production following natural seeding is most of the time compromised by climatic factors. Very often however, roots are produced by low branches of elder trees in continuous contact with the soil during the short wet season. The rate of this 'tip-layering method' (terrestrial layering) changes according to the species, the micro-topography and type of land cultivation. Terrestrial layering is increased by plagiotropic branches, especially on steep slopes. Various traumatisms, such as broken branches, camber arcures, soil recovering by sediment, can stimulate it. Given these first empirical results, it would be interesting to test the of induction terrestrial layering, particularly in these two species (in order to apply it afterwards to other species). This mode of propagation allows the genetic potential to be preserved and tree density as well as the production of wood and woodland co-products to be increased at a very low cost. In semiarid areas, this 'revegetalisation' method using vegetative propagation through terrestrial layering in particular, seems cheaper and much more time-saving than other techniques such as artificial seeding or planting, for instance. Moreover, it is replicable, in keeping with the habits of local communities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Marcottage, Régénération artificielle, Conservation des sols, Terre abandonnée, Combretum

Mots-clés complémentaires : Guiera senegalensis, Combretum micranthum

Classification Agris : F02 - Plant propagation
K10 - Forestry production

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bationo André, CRREA de Koudougou (BFA)
  • Karim Saley, Université de Niamey (NER)
  • Bellefontaine Ronald, CIRAD-FORET-DIR (FRA)
  • Saadou Mahamane, Université de Niamey (NER)
  • Guinko Sita, Université de Ouagadougou (BFA)
  • Ichaou Aboubacar, INRAN (NER)
  • Bouhari Amadou

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/531007/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2020-06-24 ]