Physicochemical analysis of mountain bananas from the French West Indies

Bugaud Christophe, Chillet Marc, Beauté Marie-Pierre, Dubois Cécile. 2006. Physicochemical analysis of mountain bananas from the French West Indies. Scientia Horticulturae, 108 (2) : pp. 167-172.

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Abstract : The physicochemical characteristics of bananas grown at two different altitudes (L: 50 m and H: 300 m) in Martinique, French West Indies (FWI) were compared at four harvest stages with the aim of potentially promoting mountain bananas - which differ from current standard bananas - or export to the European market. At an equivalent harvest stage, highland (H) bananas were significantly thicker in diameter (grade), denser and firmer than lowland (L) bananas. After ripening, H bananas were significantly firmer and their peel was harder as compared to L bananas. Their dry matter and dry soluble extract contents and citrate concentrations were significantly higher than noted in L bananas. P contents were significantly higher in L bananas whereas Zn contents were higher in H bananas. A principle component analysis differentiated H and L bananas on the basis of their physicochemical characteristics. It was found that the "altitude" factor had a more marked effect than the "harvest stage" factor on the physicochemical characteristics of ripe fruit. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Banane, Composition chimique, Propriété physicochimique, Qualité, Altitude, Maturation, Fermeté, Stockage, Récolte

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Martinique, Antilles françaises

Classification Agris : Q02 - Food processing and preservation

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2005-2013) - Alimentation accessible et de qualité

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bugaud Christophe, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Qualité des aliments (MTQ)
  • Chillet Marc, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Qualité des aliments (GLP)
  • Beauté Marie-Pierre, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Systèmes bananes et ananas (MTQ)
  • Dubois Cécile, CIRAD-FLHOR-UPR Multiplication végétative (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-9167-4080

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