Fighting against coffee wilt disease : Uganda wild C. canephora genetic diversity and its usefulness

Musoli Chungason Pascal, Aluka P., Cubry Philippe, Dufour Magali, De Bellis Fabien, Nakendo Saleh, Nabaggala Agnès, Ogwang J., Kyetere Denis T., Leroy Thierry, Bieysse Daniel, Charrier André. 2007. Fighting against coffee wilt disease : Uganda wild C. canephora genetic diversity and its usefulness. In : 21st International Conference on Coffee Science, Montpellier (France), 11th - 15th September 2006 = 21ème Colloque scientifique international sur le café ; 21. Internationales Wissenshaftliches Kolloquium über Kaffee ; 21e Coloquio Cientifico Internacional sobre el Café. ASIC. Montpellier : ASIC, pp. 835-843. ISBN 2-900212-20-0 Colloque Scientifique International sur le Café. 21, Montpellier, France, 11 September 2006/15 September 2006.

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Abstract : Coffee wilt disease (CWD) caused by Fusarium xylarioides appeared in 1993 in Uganda and has become a serious problem of coffee production. From the 1940's to 1960's the disease caused considerable destruction to C. canephora in Central and West Africa. This disease was effectively controlled by uprooting and planting resistant varieties. For developing wilt resistant varieties in Uganda, wild Coffea canephora trees from Kibale and Itwara primary forests were studied together with cultivated genotypes of nganda and erecta phenotypes and other cultivated genotypes from Kalangala Islands in Lake Victoria. The genotypes were analyzed for genetic diversity using 24 SSR markers covering many parts of C. canephora genome. These studies found significant genetic differences between Kibale, Itwara, Kalangala and a group constituted of nganda and erecta genotypes. A comparison of Ugandan genotypes with known C. canephora diversity groups using 18 of the SSR markers revealed that Ugandan genotypes constitute a new diversity group in the species. Therefore it was interesting to test this Ugandan material for resistance to coffee wilt disease. Resistances tests were performed using a field isolates of Fusarium xylarioides on open pollinated progenies of some of Kibale, Itwara, Kalangala and Nganda and erecta individuals studied for genetic diversity. Results of these tests revealed presence of resistance among genotypes from all sources and significant genetic differences between sources. High variability between progenies within each source was also detected. In this paper importance of this diversity in developing improved coffee varieties is discussed (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea canephora, Fusarium, Variété, Variation génétique, Phylogénie, Résistance aux maladies, Amélioration des plantes, Collection de matériel génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ouganda

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fusarium xylarioides

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Musoli Chungason Pascal, CORI (UGA)
  • Aluka P., CORI (UGA)
  • Cubry Philippe, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR PIA (FRA)
  • Dufour Magali, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR PIA (FRA)
  • De Bellis Fabien, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR PIA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7070-7691
  • Nakendo Saleh, CORI (UGA)
  • Nabaggala Agnès, CORI (UGA)
  • Ogwang J., CORI (UGA)
  • Kyetere Denis T., CORI (UGA)
  • Leroy Thierry, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR PIA (FRA)
  • Bieysse Daniel, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Charrier André, ENSAM [Ecole nationale supérieure agronomique de Montpellier] (FRA)

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