A study of the surface properties of cotton fibers by inverse gas chromatography

Rjiba Narges, Nardin Michel, Dréan Jean-Yves, Frydrych Richard. 2007. A study of the surface properties of cotton fibers by inverse gas chromatography. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 314 : pp. 373-380.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : In the present study, the potential relationships between the microstructure and the surface properties of different cotton fibers are analyzed by inverse gas chromatography (IGC) at infinite dilution. By measuring the retention time of polar and nonpolar gaseous probes into a column containing the fibers, surface characteristics of these fibers, in particular the dispersive component of their surface energy and their surface morpho-logical index, were determined. It is clearly shown that the presence of natural waxes on cotton fibers plays a major role on their thermodynamic surface properties, affecting the surface energy and the acid-base character as well as the morphological aspects of such fibers. Finally, it appeared that IGC is a well appropriate method for the evaluation of the surface characteristics of cotton fibers. © 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coton, Fibre végétale, Propriété physicochimique, Surface, Chromatographie en phase gazeuse, Cellulose

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fibre de coton

Classification Agris : Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products

Champ stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2005-2013)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rjiba Narges, CNRS (FRA)
  • Nardin Michel, CNRS (FRA)
  • Dréan Jean-Yves, ENSITM (FRA)
  • Frydrych Richard, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Qualité du coton (FRA)

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