Patterns of introduction and diversification of Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae) in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean)

Bory Séverine, Lubinsky Pesach, Risterucci Ange-Marie, Noyer Jean-Louis, Grisoni Michel, Duval Marie-France, Besse Pascale. 2008. Patterns of introduction and diversification of Vanilla planifolia (Orchidaceae) in Reunion Island (Indian Ocean). American Journal of Botany, 95 (7) : pp. 805-815.

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Abstract : The cultivated species Vanilla planifolia is a typical example of a crop introduced from its area of origin (America) to new regions where natural pollinators are absent. Although the Vanilla cultivars are exclusively vegetatively propagated, a high degree of phenotypic variation is observed among the cultivars in their introduction areas such as Reunion Island. To test several hypotheses explaining this variation-different introduction events, somatic mutations and sexual reproduction (through manual pollination)-we used AFLP markers to elucidate the patterns of introduction of V. planifolia. Most of the accessions cultivated in the world were derived from a single accession, possibly the Mexican cultivar Mansa. The patterns of diversification of this cultivated species were also studied and compared with other cultivated (V. tahitensis) and wild (V. pompona and V. bahiana) species. Except for one particular phenotype ('Aiguille'), which may come from sexual reproduction, cultivated accessions exhibit very low levels of genetic diversity. They have evolved by the accumulation of point mutations through vegetative multiplication. The genetic diversity revealed could not explain the phenotypic diversity, which may be related to epigenetics or polyploidy. This new understanding of the basis of genetic diversity of vanilla may assist to improve management of genetic resources. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Vanilla planifolia, Variation génétique, Multiplication végétative, Polymorphisme génétique, Phénotype, Vanilla

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion, océan Indien

Mots-clés complémentaires : Vanilla pompona, Vanilla tahitensis, AFLP

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bory Séverine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Lubinsky Pesach, UC (USA)
  • Risterucci Ange-Marie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Noyer Jean-Louis, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7389-5621
  • Grisoni Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Duval Marie-France, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (FRA)
  • Besse Pascale, Université de la Réunion (REU)

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