Agritrop
Home

Combining organic and mineral fertilizers for integrated soil fertility management in smallholder farming systems of Kenya : Explorations using the crop-soil model FIELD

Tittonell Pablo, Corbeels Marc, Van Wijk Mark T., Vanlauwe Bernard, Giller Ken E.. 2008. Combining organic and mineral fertilizers for integrated soil fertility management in smallholder farming systems of Kenya : Explorations using the crop-soil model FIELD. Agronomy Journal, 100 (5) : pp. 1511-1526.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract : Integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) technologies for African smallholders should consider (i) within-farm soil heterogeneity; (ii) long-term dynamics and variability; (iii) manure quality and availability; (iv) access to fertilizers; and (v) competing uses for crop residues. We used the model FIELD (Field-scale resource Interactions, use Efficiencies and Long term soil fertility Development) to explore allocation strategies of manure and fertilizers. Maize response to N fertilizer from 0 to 180 kg N ha-1 (±30 kg P ha-1) distinguished poorly responsive fertile (e.g., grain yields of 4.1-5.3 t ha-1 without P and of 7.5-7.5 t ha-1 with P) from responsive (1.0-4.3 t ha-1 and 2.2-6.6 t ha-1) and poorly responsive infertile fields (0.2-1.0 t ha-1 and 0.5-3.1 t ha-1). Soils receiving manure plus fertilizers for 12 yr retained 1.1 to 1.5 t C ha-1 yr-1 when 70% of the crop residue was left in the field, and 0.4 to 0.7 t C ha-1 yr-1 with 10% left. Degraded fields were not rehabilitated with manures of local quality (e.g., 23-35% C, 0.5-1.2% N, 0.1-0.3% P) applied at realistic rates (3.6 t dm ha-1 yr-1) for 12 yr without fertilizers. Mineral fertilizers are necessary to kick-start soil rehabilitation through hysteretic restoration of biomass productivity and C inputs to the soil. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fertilité du sol, Petite exploitation agricole, Fertilisation, Modélisation des cultures, Engrais organique, Engrais minéral, Zea mays, Productivité des terres, Amélioration des sols

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Kenya

Classification Agris : P35 - Soil fertility
F04 - Fertilizing
F01 - Crops

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tittonell Pablo, Wageningen Agricultural University (NLD)
  • Corbeels Marc, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (ZWE)
  • Van Wijk Mark T., Wageningen Agricultural University (NLD)
  • Vanlauwe Bernard, TSBF (KEN)
  • Giller Ken E., Wageningen Agricultural University (NLD)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/546115/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-05-02 ]