From local surveys to global surveillance : Three high-throughput genotyping methods for epidemiological monitoring of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri pathotypes

Bui Thi Ngoc Lan, Vernière Christian, Jarne Philippe, Brisse Sylvain, Guérin Fabien, Boutry Sébastien, Gagnevin Lionel, Pruvost Olivier. 2009. From local surveys to global surveillance : Three high-throughput genotyping methods for epidemiological monitoring of Xanthomonas citri pv. citri pathotypes. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 75 (4) : pp. 1173-1184.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : Asiatic citrus canker is a major disease worldwide, and its causal agent, Xanthomonas citri pv. citri, is listed as a quarantine organism in many countries. Analysis of the molecular epidemiology of this bacterium is hindered by a lack of molecular typing techniques suitable for surveillance and outbreak investigation. We report a comparative evaluation of three typing techniques, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis, insertion sequence ligation-mediated PCR (IS-LM-PCR) typing, and multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA), with 234 strains originating from Asia, the likely center of origin of the pathogen, and reference strains of pathotypes A, A*, and Aw, which differ in host range. The typing techniques were congruent in describing the diversity of this strain collection, suggesting that the evolution pattern of the bacterium may be clonal. Based on a hierarchical analysis of molecular variance, the AFLP method best described the genetic variation found among pathotypes whereas MLVA best described the variation found among individual strains from the same countries or groups of neighboring countries. IS-LM-PCR data suggested that the transposition of insertion sequences in the genome of X. citri pv. citri occurs rarely enough not to disturb the phylogenetic signal. This technique may be useful for the global surveillance of non-epidemiologically related strains. Although pathological characteristics of strains could be most often predicted from genotyping data, we report the occurrence in the Indian peninsula of strains genetically related to pathotype A* strains but with a host range similar to that of pathotype A, which makes the classification of this bacterium even more complicated. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Xanthomonas campestris citri, Citrus aurantiifolia, Citrus paradisi, Citrus macrophylla

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Xanthomonas citri pv citri

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bui Thi Ngoc Lan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Vernière Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-2312-2073
  • Jarne Philippe, CEFE (FRA)
  • Brisse Sylvain, Institut Pasteur (FRA)
  • Guérin Fabien, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Boutry Sébastien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Gagnevin Lionel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Pruvost Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)

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