Zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in Africa : neglected zoonoses or minor public-heath issues ? The Outcomes of a multi-disciplinary workshop

Marcotty Tanguy, Matthys F., Godfroid J., Rigouts L., Ameni Gobena, Van Pittius N. Gey, Kazwala R., Muma J., Van Helden P., Walravens Karl, De Klerk L.M., Mbotha D., Otte M., Amenu K., Abu Samra Nada, Botha C., Ekron M., Jenkins A., Jori Ferran, Kriek N., Mc Crindle C., Michel A., Morar D., Roger François. 2009. Zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in Africa : neglected zoonoses or minor public-heath issues ? The Outcomes of a multi-disciplinary workshop. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 103 (5) : pp. 401-411.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Science) / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Late in 2007, veterinary, medical and anthropological professionals from Europe and Africa met in a 2-day workshop in Pretoria, South Africa, to evaluate the burden, surveillance and control of zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Keynote presentations reviewed the burden of these diseases on human and livestock health, the existing diagnostic tools, and the available control methods. These presentations were followed by group discussions and the formulation of recommendations. The presence of Mycobacterium bovis and Brucella spp. in livestock was considered to be a serious threat to public health, since livestock and animal products are the only source of such infections in human beings. The impact of these pathogens on human health appears to be relatively marginal, however, when compared with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infections and drug resistance, HIV and malaria. Appropriate diagnostic tools are needed to improve the detection of M. bovis and Brucella spp. in humans. In livestock, the ¿test-and-slaughter¿ approach and the pasteurization of milk, which have been used successfully in industrialized countries, might not be the optimal control tools in Africa. Control strategies should fit the needs and perceptions of local communities. Improved intersectoral and international collaboration in surveillance, diagnosis and control, and in the education of medical and veterinary personnel, are advocated. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : zoonose, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, Genre humain, Maladie de l'homme, Santé publique, Bétail, Brucella, Surveillance épidémiologique, Contrôle de maladies, Épidémiologie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Marcotty Tanguy, Institute of Tropical Medicine (BEL)
  • Matthys F., Institute of Tropical Medicine (BEL)
  • Godfroid J., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Rigouts L., Institute of Tropical Medicine (BEL)
  • Ameni Gobena, Institute of Pathobiology (ETH)
  • Van Pittius N. Gey, Stellenbosch University (ZAF)
  • Kazwala R., SUA (TZA)
  • Muma J., University of Zambia (ZMB)
  • Van Helden P., Stellenbosch University (ZAF)
  • Walravens Karl, Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Centre (BEL)
  • De Klerk L.M., Military Veterinary Institute (ZAF)
  • Mbotha D., Analabs (KEN)
  • Otte M., Leiden University (NLD)
  • Amenu K., Hawassa University (ETH)
  • Abu Samra Nada, University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Botha C., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Ekron M., Directorate of Veterinary Services (ZAF)
  • Jenkins A., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Jori Ferran, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (ZAF) ORCID: 0000-0001-5451-7767
  • Kriek N., Centre for Veterinary Wildlife Studie (ZAF)
  • Mc Crindle C., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Michel A., ARC (ZAF)
  • Morar D., University of Pretoria (ZAF)
  • Roger François, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1573-6833

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