Scientific framework of the mesoamerican scientific partnership platform (PCP) for agroforestry systems with perennial crops

Rapidel Bruno, Vaast Philippe, Beer John. 2009. Scientific framework of the mesoamerican scientific partnership platform (PCP) for agroforestry systems with perennial crops. In : Modelling agroforestry systems : Workshop Proceedings,Turrialba, Costa Rica, 25-29 February 2008. Rapidel Bruno (ed.), Roupsard Olivier (ed.), Navarro Muriel (ed.). CATIE. Turrialba : CATIE, pp. 21-37. (Technical Meetings, 14) ISBN 978-9977-57-479-4 Workshop on Modelling Agroforestry Systems, Turrialba, Costa Rica, 25 February 2008/29 February 2008.

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Titre espagnol : Plataforma cientifica de socios (PCP) en Mesoamérica "Sistemas agroforestales con cultivos perennes"

Abstract : The natural resources of Mesoamerica have been identified as a foundation stone for the development of this region and of particular importance for the livelihoods of the rural poor. The Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC) is an exemplary effort to protect natural renewable resources while promoting sustainable development. Nevertheless in the rural areas of the MBC around protected zones, agricultural expansion and intensification have resulted in a progressive fragmentation of forest habitat, loss of landscape connectivity, increased pollution of rivers and aquifers by agrochemicals and extensive loss of biodiversity. The implementation of environmentally friendly agroforestry practices may reduce the productivity of crops; for example, decreasing coffee and cacao productivity when shade-tree cover is increased above a certain threshold to enhance environmental benefits. On the other hand, these practices are associated with reduced impacts on the environment and can qualify the products for ecological and other certifications as well as offer diversification options. Revenue diversification and new marketing opportunities can help reduce the vulnerability of rural communities to the price volatility of export crop products, thereby improving the economic sustainability of agroforestry systems. The exploration of the trade-offs between productivity and the provision of environmental services (ES) opens the way to designing the most appropriate AFS. A key challenge is to produce relevant tools and methods to certify value and sell these ES, so that they can be effectively marketed. At the same time, farmers' organizations must be strengthened to better handle business opportunities for ecoproducts from AFS and improve the liveli-hoods of the farmers. The PCP (French acronym for Scientific Partnership Platform) is a platform launched to bring together scientists from GIRAD, CATIE, INCAE, CABI and PROMECAFE to address these challenges as a strong, multidisciplinary, group and achieve significant research and developmental results. The founding agreement was signed on April 19, 2007, for 10 years. Bioversity joined the PCP in December 2007. The work to be carried out in the PCP includes scientifically challenging issues. Even more challenging is the prospect of building a multidisciplinary and multi-institutional team to develop these themes, particularly the integration and synergy between the themes presented in the scientific framework. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Impact sur l'environnement, service, Coffea, Theobroma cacao

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Amérique centrale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Service environnemental

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Rapidel Bruno, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0003-0288-5650
  • Vaast Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (IND)
  • Beer John, CATIE (CRI)

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