Biodiversity and adaptive strategies of mycorrhizosphere bacteria associated to Tristaniopsis species in new caledonian ultramafic ecosystems

Waseem Muhammad, Ducousso Marc, Lebrun Michel, Domergue Odile, Duponnois Robin, Prin Yves, Galiana Antoine. 2010. Biodiversity and adaptive strategies of mycorrhizosphere bacteria associated to Tristaniopsis species in new caledonian ultramafic ecosystems. In : Microbes Stewards of a changing planet : 13th International Symposium on Microbial Ecology (ISME13), Seattle, USA, 22-27 August 2010. ISME. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, 1 p. International Symposium on Microbial Ecology. 13, Seattle, États-Unis, 22 August 2010/27 August 2010.

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Abstract : New Caledonian ultramafic ecosystems are considered as hotspots of biodiversity, partly because of the adaptative pressure exerted by drastic edaphic conditions. These soils are composed of up to 85 % of iron oxides, are deficient in NPK, unbalanced for the Ca/Mg ratio and particularly rich in heavy metals such as Ni (2%), Cr (2%), and Mn (1%). Both plant and soil microbes play a vital role in the adaptation to harsh soil conditions mainly heavy metal uptake and tolerance. We chose an endemic species of the genus Tristaniopsis (Myrtaceae) as model plant to study the role of ectomycorrhizal fungi and associated bacteria in plant adaptation to nickel. To investigate the effect of ultramafic soils on ectomycorrhiza and mycorrhizosphere bacterial diversities as well as on the genetic determinants of resistance/adaptation of associated mycorrhizosphere bacteria, 200 ectomycorrhizas were sampled from four different ultramafic sites (3 in Koniambo and 1 in Desmazures forest) vs two non-ultramafic ones from volcano-sedimentary soils (Arama). Molecular characterization of ectomycorrhiza (rRNA ITS) and associated mycorrhizosphere bacteria (16S rRNA) from these samples showed the presence of different dominant fungi, i.e. Pisolithus albus, Russula spp. and Boletellus spp., and bacteria, i.e. Burkholderia spp., Bacillus spp. and Pseudomonas spp., that can be found in both soil types. However, bacteria isolated from ultramafic soils could grow in the presence of Ni up to 20 mmol L-1 and contained cnrT and nreB genes, known to confer heavy metal tolerance, contrarily to bacteria isolated from non-ultramafic soils. Moreover, we found a strong positive correlation between heavy metal tolerance and P-solubilizing ability. Further investigation on functional diversity of ectomycorrhiza-mycorrhizosphere bacteria associations and their role in plant adaptation to ultramafic soils would help in the understanding of plant functioning on New Caledonian mine sites. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
P35 - Soil fertility
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Waseem Muhammad, INRA (FRA)
  • Ducousso Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Lebrun Michel, CIRAD-AMIS-UMR LSTM (FRA)
  • Domergue Odile, INRA (FRA)
  • Duponnois Robin, IRD (SEN)
  • Prin Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3706-0045
  • Galiana Antoine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR LSTM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5293-5049

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