Deciphering the genome structure of Theobroma cacao (W107)

Argout Xavier, Salse Jérôme, Aury Jean-Marc, Guiltinan Mark J., Droc Gaëtan, Gouzy Jérôme, Allègre Mathilde, Chaparro Christian, Legavre Thierry, Maximova Siela N., Abrouk Michael, Murat Florent, Fouet Olivier, Poulain Julie, Ruiz Manuel, Roguet Yolande, Rodier-Goud Marguerite, Barbosa-Neto Jose Fernandes, Sabot François, Kudrna Dave, Ammiraju Jetty Siva S., Schuster Stephan C., Carlson John E., Sallet Erika, Schiex Thomas, Dievart Anne, Kramer Melissa, Gelley Laura, Shi Zi, Bérard Aurélie, Viot Christopher, Boccara Michel, Risterucci Ange-Marie, Guignon Valentin, Sabau Xavier, Axtell Michael J., Ma Zhaorong, Zhang Yufan, Brown Spencer, Bourge Mickael, Golser Wolfgang, Song Xiang, Clément Didier, Rivallan Ronan, Tahi G.Mathias, Akaza Joseph Moroh, Pittolat Bertrand, Gramacho Karina Peres, D'Hont Angélique, Brunel Dominique, Infante Diogenes, Kébé Ismael S., Costet Pierre, Wing Rod A., Mc Combie William Richard, Guiderdoni Emmanuel, Quetier Francis, Panaud Olivier, Wincker Patrick, Bocs Stéphanie, Lanaud Claire. 2011. Deciphering the genome structure of Theobroma cacao (W107). In : Abstracts of Plant and Animal Genomes XIXth Conference, San Diego, CA (USA), January 15-19, 2011. s.l. : s.n., Résumé Plant and Animal Genomes Conference. 19, San Diego, États-Unis, 15 January 2011/19 January 2011.

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Abstract : Theobroma cacao L., is a diploid tree fruit species, originated from the South American rainforests, and constitutes an important source of incomes for farmers of tropical countries. We produced a high quality draft genome sequence corresponding to a 16,7X genome coverage of a criollo genotype. The assembly corresponds to 76% of the estimated genome size of the T. cacao genotype B97-61/B2 (430 Mbp). This assembly appears to cover a very large proportion of the euchromatin of the T. cacao genome, allowing to recover 97.8% of the unigene resource (38,737 unigenes assembled from 715,457 EST sequences) in the genome assembly. Annotations revealed 28,798 protein-coding genes among which 82% could be anchored in a high density genetic map. Only 20% of the genome consisted in transposable elements, a significantly lower percentage compared to other genome of similar size. This first cocoa genome sequence was the support for several genome analyses revealing specific extension of some gene families. The comparative mapping of genes involved in disease resistance and quality traits, localised in the genome sequence, and QTLs related to these traits highlighted several co-localisations between them and candidate genes potentially involved in useful cocoa trait variations. This genome sequence will facilitate a better understanding of trait elaboration and will accelerate T. cacao breeding through efficient marker assisted selection and exploitation of genetic resources. A genome browser allows to access freely to the cocoa sequence data at the following website : (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Argout Xavier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0100-5511
  • Salse Jérôme, INRA (FRA)
  • Aury Jean-Marc, Institut de génomique (FRA)
  • Guiltinan Mark J., Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Droc Gaëtan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Gouzy Jérôme, INRA (FRA)
  • Allègre Mathilde
  • Chaparro Christian, CNRS (FRA)
  • Legavre Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Maximova Siela N., Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Abrouk Michael, INRA (FRA)
  • Murat Florent, INRA (FRA)
  • Fouet Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8547-1474
  • Poulain Julie, Institut de génomique (FRA)
  • Ruiz Manuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8153-276X
  • Roguet Yolande
  • Rodier-Goud Marguerite, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Barbosa-Neto Jose Fernandes, CNRS (FRA)
  • Sabot François, CNRS (FRA)
  • Kudrna Dave, University of Arizona (USA)
  • Ammiraju Jetty Siva S., University of Arizona (USA)
  • Schuster Stephan C., Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Carlson John E., Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Sallet Erika, INRA (FRA)
  • Schiex Thomas, INRA (FRA)
  • Dievart Anne ORCID: 0000-0001-9460-4638
  • Kramer Melissa, Cold Spring Harbor (USA)
  • Gelley Laura, Cold Spring Harbor (USA)
  • Shi Zi, Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Bérard Aurélie, INRA (FRA)
  • Viot Christopher, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6321-4741
  • Boccara Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (TTO)
  • Risterucci Ange-Marie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Guignon Valentin
  • Sabau Xavier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Axtell Michael J., Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Ma Zhaorong, Pennsylvania State University (USA)
  • Zhang Yufan, Cold Spring Harbor (USA)
  • Brown Spencer, CNRS (FRA)
  • Bourge Mickael, CNRS (FRA)
  • Golser Wolfgang, University of Arizona (USA)
  • Song Xiang, University of Arizona (USA)
  • Clément Didier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7602-6472
  • Rivallan Ronan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Tahi G.Mathias, CNRA (CIV)
  • Akaza Joseph Moroh, CNRA (CIV)
  • Pittolat Bertrand
  • Gramacho Karina Peres, CEPLAC (BRA)
  • D'Hont Angélique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Brunel Dominique, INRA (FRA)
  • Infante Diogenes, IDEA (VEN)
  • Kébé Ismael S., CNRA (CIV)
  • Costet Pierre, Chocolaterie Valrhona (FRA)
  • Wing Rod A., University of Arizona (USA)
  • Mc Combie William Richard, Cold Spring Harbor (USA)
  • Guiderdoni Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Quetier Francis, Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne (FRA)
  • Panaud Olivier, CNRS (FRA)
  • Wincker Patrick, Institut de génomique (FRA)
  • Bocs Stéphanie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7850-4426
  • Lanaud Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6411-7310

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