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Comparisons of agronomic and resistance traits for the international clone trial

Eskes Albertus. 2011. Comparisons of agronomic and resistance traits for the international clone trial. In : Collaborative and participatory approaches to cocoa variety improvement : final report of the CFC/ICCO/Biodiversity international project on "Cocoa productivity and quality improvement: a participatory approach" (2004-2010). Eskes Albertus (ed.). CFC, Bioversity International, ICCO. Amsterdam : CFC, pp. 124-127. (CFC Technical paper, 59) ISBN 978-92-9043-884-7

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Abstract : The stability of agronomic and resistance traits for the International Clone Trial over eight countries was compared through linear regression analyses. The number of clones compared varied over the sites from 8 to 18. For average yield, the majority of the coefficients of correlation were positive and significant, showing reasonable stability of this trait over sites. For plant vigour measured by stem girth, the coefficients of correlation were generally positive but rarely significant, indicating interaction between sites and clones. Incidence of witches' broom (WB) disease was compared for four sites (Brazil, Ecuador, Trinidad and Venezuela). Correlations for the total number of brooms, for the number of vegetative brooms and for the number of cushion brooms per tree were positive but not always significant, suggesting some interaction between clones and sites for resistance to WB. In Ecuador, the total number of brooms per tree was significantly correlated with the average weight of the brooms. The numbers of cushion brooms and vegetative brooms were significantly correlated for three out of four sites. For vascular streak dieback (VSD) severity, the coefficient of correlation between two sites in Papua New Guinea was significant, but the correlations between these sites and Malaysia were not significant. The consequences of these findings for breeding are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Amélioration des plantes, Stabilité génétique, Caractère agronomique, Résistance aux maladies, Vigueur, Rendement des cultures, Qualité, clone, Oncobasidium theobromae, Moniliophthora, Essai de variété

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Trinité-et-Tobago, Équateur, Venezuela (République bolivarienne du), Brésil, Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Malaisie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Moniliophthora perniciosa

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F01 - Crop husbandry
H20 - Plant diseases
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Eskes Albertus, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs de pérennes (FRA)

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/560752/)

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