The myth of complex cocoa agroforests : The Case of Ghana

Ruf François. 2011. The myth of complex cocoa agroforests : The Case of Ghana. Human Ecology, 39 (3) : pp. 373-388.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
[img] Published version - Anglais
Access restricted to CIRAD agents
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.

Télécharger (859kB)

Quartile : Q1, Sujet : SOCIOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ANTHROPOLOGY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES

Abstract : Most researchers defend cocoa agroforests as a model, which guarantees sustainable cocoa production while protecting biodiversity. However, in most countries, farmers' strategies favour "full sun" cocoa farms, close to the concept of monoculture. Why this apparent paradox? Field surveys were conducted in 2005 and 2008 with 180 migrant and autochthon farmers in four districts of Ghana, including some measurements at the farm plot level and satellite images in a fifth district. An analytical grid shows how factors interact. Adoption of sun-loving hybrids; farmers' negative perception of ecological services in relation to hybrids; legislation excluding smallholders from the legal timber market; recent expansion of the timber industry; and the migratory phenomenon. Most smallholders consider complex cocoa agroforests as a thing of the past. They were designed at a time when land and forests were abundant. The future of cocoa and timber may lie in 'light commercial-oriented agroforests' or a kind of mosaic landscape. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Petite exploitation agricole, Agroforesterie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ghana

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
K10 - Forestry production

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations


Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-04-13 ]