REDD payments as incentive for reducing forest loss

Sandker Marieke, Kofi Nyame Samuel, Förster Johannes, Collier Neil, Shepherd Gill, Yeboah Daniel, Ezzine de Blas Driss, Machwitz Miriam, Vaatainen Senja, Garedew Efrem, Etoga Gilles, Ehringhaus Christiane, Anati Jacob, Kwasi Quarm Osofo Dankama, Campbell Bruce. 2010. REDD payments as incentive for reducing forest loss. Conservation Letters, 3 (2) : pp. 114-212.

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Abstract : Strategies for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) could become an important part of a new agreement for climate change mitigation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. We constructed a system dynamics model for a cocoa agroforest landscape in southwestern Ghana to explore whether REDD payments are likely to promote forest conservation and what socio-economic implications would be. Scenarios were constructed for business as usual (cocoa production at the expense of forest), for payments for avoided deforestation of old-growth forest only and for payments for avoided deforestation of all forests, including degraded forest. The results indicate that in the short term, REDD is likely to be preferred by farmers when the policy focuses on payments that halt the destruction of old-growth forests only. However, there is the risk that REDD contracts may be abandoned in the short term. The likeliness of farmers to opt for REDD is much lower when also avoiding deforestation of degraded forest since this land is needed for the expansion of cocoa production. Given that it is mainly the wealthier households that control the remaining forest outside the reserves, REDD payments may increase community differentiation, with negative consequences for REDD policies. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Modélisation environnementale, Forêt, Dégradation de l'environnement, Déboisement, Incitation, Politique de l'environnement, Theobroma cacao, Agroforesterie, approches participatives

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ghana

Mots-clés complémentaires : Service environnemental, Déforestation

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
K70 - Forest injuries and protection

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sandker Marieke, UAM (ESP)
  • Kofi Nyame Samuel, IUCN [Ghana] (GHA)
  • Förster Johannes, Universität Bayreuth (DEU)
  • Collier Neil, Charles Darwin University (AUS)
  • Shepherd Gill, IUCN (CHE)
  • Yeboah Daniel, Samartex Timber and Plywood Company (GHA)
  • Ezzine de Blas Driss, CIRAD-ES-UPR Ressources forestières (FRA)
  • Machwitz Miriam, University of Wuerzburg (DEU)
  • Vaatainen Senja, IUCN [Zambie] (ZMB)
  • Garedew Efrem, Wondo Genet College of Forestry and Natural Resources (ETH)
  • Etoga Gilles, WWF (CMR)
  • Ehringhaus Christiane, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Anati Jacob, Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Ghana) (GHA)
  • Kwasi Quarm Osofo Dankama, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Campbell Bruce, CIFOR (IDN)

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