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Neither state nor market : The influence of farmers' organizations on agricultural policies in Costa Rica

Maître d'Hôtel Elodie, Bosc Pierre-Marie. 2011. Neither state nor market : The influence of farmers' organizations on agricultural policies in Costa Rica. Oxford Development Studies, 39 (4) : pp. 469-485.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion

Abstract : In recent decades, policies in many countries have been shaped by the implementation of economic liberalization, characterized by state withdrawal from marketing operations and control of trade. In this era of liberalization, policies regulating commodity marketing and trade were expected to disappear, but, in fact, this has hardly occurred. A comparative study is carried out of three farm sectors in Costa Rica, based on a dynamic analysis of behaviour in the context of the institutional change brought about by liberalization. The capacity of farmers' organizations to adapt and contribute to institutional change through their control over economic activity and their participation in policymaking processes is highlighted. In so doing, it is shown that, even in a liberalized era, policies regulating marketing and trade still exist and affect the functioning of agricultural markets. These policies differ according to the farm sector and can be linked directly to the influence of farmers' organizations within these sectors. It is shown that organizations play a key role in the regulation of farm sectors, and that their success depends on the institutional and organizational "thickness" to which they have contributed in each sector. Differences in historical trajectories can explain differences in the capacity of organizations to influence policymaking and to gain market share. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Libéralisation des échanges, Politique agricole, Association d'agriculteurs, Marché, Secteur agricole, Production laitière, Phaseolus vulgaris, Coffea, Organisation paysanne

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Costa Rica

Classification Agris : E40 - Cooperatives
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies
E70 - Trade, marketing and distribution

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2005-2013) - Politiques publiques, pauvreté et inégalités

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Maître d'Hôtel Elodie, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)
  • Bosc Pierre-Marie, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/562367/)

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