First serological investigation of peste-des-petits-ruminants and rift valley fever in Tunisia

Ayari-Fakhfakh Saïda Emna, Ghram Abdeljelil, Bouattour Ali, Larbi Imen, Gribâa-Dridi Latifa, Kwiatek Olivier, Bouloy Michèle, Libeau Geneviève, Albina Emmanuel, Cetre-Sossah Catherine. 2011. First serological investigation of peste-des-petits-ruminants and rift valley fever in Tunisia. Veterinary Journal, 187 (3) : pp. 402-404.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : This study, carried out between September 2006 and January 2007, is the first cross-sectional serological investigation of peste-des-petits-ruminants (PPR) and Rift Valley fever (RVF) in Tunisia. The objective was to assess the potential need to develop a dual, recombinant PPR-RVF vaccine and how such a vaccine might be utilized in Tunisia. An overall PPR seroprevalence of 7.45% was determined, a finding supported by the high specificity (99.4%) and sensitivity (94.5%) of the ELISA used. On assessment of the diversity and density of mosquitoes in the sampling area, four species of RVF-vectors of the genus Aedes and Culex were identitied. However, no serological evidence of RVF was found despite the use of a highly sensitive ELISA (99-100%).Larger scale investigations are underway to confirm these findings and the continuation of the emergency vaccination program against these two diseases remains valid. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Peste des petits ruminants, Virose, Virus peste petits ruminants, Virus de la fièvre de la vallée du Rift, Ruminant, Immunologie, Vaccin, Vecteur de maladie, Anopheles, Culex, Aedes, Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Tunisie

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ayari-Fakhfakh Saïda Emna, Institut Pasteur de Tunis (TUN)
  • Ghram Abdeljelil, Institut Pasteur de Tunis (TUN)
  • Bouattour Ali, Institut Pasteur de Tunis (TUN)
  • Larbi Imen, Institut Pasteur de Tunis (TUN)
  • Gribâa-Dridi Latifa, Institut Pasteur de Tunis (TUN)
  • Kwiatek Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Bouloy Michèle, Institut Pasteur (FRA)
  • Libeau Geneviève, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Albina Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Cetre-Sossah Catherine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)

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