Understanding and integrating local perceptions of trees and forests into incentives for sustainable landscape management

Pfund Jean-Laurent, Watts John Daniel, Boissière Manuel, Boucard Amandine, Bullock Renée Marie, Ekadinata Andrée, Dewi Sonya, Feintrenie Laurène, Levang Patrice, Rantala Salla, Sheil Douglas, Sunderland Terence Clarence Heethom, Urech Zora Lea. 2011. Understanding and integrating local perceptions of trees and forests into incentives for sustainable landscape management. Environmental Management, 48 (2) : pp. 334-349.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Géographie-Aménagement-Urbanisme-Architecture

Abstract : We examine five forested landscapes in Africa (Cameroon, Madagascar, and Tanzania) and Asia (Indonesia and Laos) at different stages of landscape change. In all five areas, forest cover (outside of protected areas) continues to decrease despite local people's recognition of the importance of forest products and services. After forest conversion, agroforestry systems and fallows provide multiple functions and valued products, and retain significant biodiversity. But there are indications that such land use is transitory, with gradual simplification and loss of complex agroforests and fallows as land use becomes increasingly individualistic and profit driven. In Indonesia and Tanzania, farmers favor monocultures (rubber and oil palm, and sugarcane, respectively) for their high financial returns, with these systems replacing existing complex agroforests. In the study sites in Madagascar and Laos, investments in agroforests and new crops remain rare, despite government attempts to eradicate swidden systems and their multifunctional fallows. We discuss approaches to assessing local values related to landscape cover and associated goods and services. We highlight discrepancies between individual and collective responses in characterizing land use tendencies, and discuss the effects of accessibility on land management. We conclude that a combination of social, economic, and spatially explicit assessment methods is necessary to inform land use planning. Furthermore, any efforts to modify current trends will require clear incentives, such as through carbon finance. We speculate on the nature of such incentive schemes and the possibility of rewarding the provision of ecosystem services at a landscape scale and in a socially equitable manner. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Aménagement du territoire, Développement durable, Forêt, forêt tropicale, Arbre, Paysage, gestion des ressources naturelles, Agroforesterie

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Madagascar, République démocratique populaire lao, Indonésie

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K01 - Forestry - General aspects
E14 - Development economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Pfund Jean-Laurent, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Watts John Daniel, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Boissière Manuel, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (IDN) ORCID: 0000-0002-2552-7664
  • Boucard Amandine, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Bullock Renée Marie, University of Florida (USA)
  • Ekadinata Andrée, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Dewi Sonya, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Feintrenie Laurène, CIFOR (IDN) ORCID: 0000-0003-1621-396X
  • Levang Patrice, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Rantala Salla, ICRAF (KEN)
  • Sheil Douglas, ITFC (UGA)
  • Sunderland Terence Clarence Heethom, CIFOR (IDN)
  • Urech Zora Lea, CIFOR (IDN)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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