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The sustainability of quinoa production in southern Bolivia: from misrepresentations to questionable solutions. Comments on Jacobsen (2011, J. Agron. Crop Sci. 197: 390-399)

Winkel Thierry, Bertero Hector Daniel, Bommel Pierre, Bourliaud Jean, Chevarria-Lazo Marco, Cortes Geneviève, Gasselin Pierre, Geerts S., Joffre Richard, Léger F., Martinez Avisa B., Rambal Serge, Rivière G., Tichit M., Tourrand Jean-François, Vassas Toral A., Vacher J.J., Vieira Pak Manuela. 2012. The sustainability of quinoa production in southern Bolivia: from misrepresentations to questionable solutions. Comments on Jacobsen (2011, J. Agron. Crop Sci. 197: 390-399). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 198 (4) : pp. 314-319.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : Reviewing the situation of quinoa production in southern Bolivia, Jacobsen (2011, J. Agron. Crop Sci. 197: 390) argues that the booming export market has a negative effect on the environment and on the home consumption of quinoa, thereby leading to an environmental disaster in the region. In view of the scarcity of scientific knowledge on the rapid social and environmental dynamics in the region, we consider that Jacobsen's review misrepresents the situation of quinoa production in southern Bolivia. Specifically, we argue that (i) the data presented by Jacobsen (2011, J. Agron. Crop Sci. 197: 390) do not support any drop in quinoa crop yield supposed to reflect soil degradation and (ii) his demonstration regarding home consumption of quinoa is ill-founded from both a nutritional and a cultural point of view. We suggest that the diffusion of the arguments exposed by Jacobsen (2011, J. Agron. Crop Sci. 197: 390), because of their flaws, might have strong negative impacts on those concerned with sustainable food production and fair-trade with developing countries. We conclude that, rather than reinforced agro-technical controls on local farmers, the rising competition in the international quinoa market requires a shift towards an ethical economy and ethical research cooperation with quinoa producers. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Chenopodium quinoa, Consommation alimentaire, Donnée de production, Éthique, Dégradation du sol, Politique de développement, Développement durable

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bolivie (État plurinational de), Région andine

Classification Agris : E14 - Development economics and policies
E73 - Consumer economics

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Winkel Thierry, IRD (FRA)
  • Bertero Hector Daniel, Universidad de Buenos Aires (ARG)
  • Bommel Pierre, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7776-9075
  • Bourliaud Jean, INRA (FRA)
  • Chevarria-Lazo Marco, INRA (FRA)
  • Cortes Geneviève, Université Paul Valéry (FRA)
  • Gasselin Pierre, INRA (FRA)
  • Geerts S., KUL (BEL)
  • Joffre Richard, CNRS (FRA)
  • Léger F., INRA (FRA)
  • Martinez Avisa B., ANAPQUI (BOL)
  • Rambal Serge, CNRS (FRA)
  • Rivière G., EHESS (FRA)
  • Tichit M., INRA (FRA)
  • Tourrand Jean-François, CIRAD-DGDRS (FRA)
  • Vassas Toral A., CIRAD-ES-UMR ART-DEV (FRA)
  • Vacher J.J., Centre national de la recherche scientifique (FRA)
  • Vieira Pak Manuela, CIRAD-ES-UPR GREEN (FRA)

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/564275/)

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