Leptospira and rodents in Cambodia: Environmental determinants of infection

Ivanova Svilena, Herbreteau Vincent, Blasdell Kim R., Chaval Yannick, Buchy Philippe, Guillard Bertrand, Morand Serge. 2012. Leptospira and rodents in Cambodia: Environmental determinants of infection. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 86 (6) : pp. 1032-1038.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : We investigated infection of rodents and shrews by Leptospira spp. in two localities of Cambodia (Veal Renh, Kaev Seima) and in four types of habitat (forests, non-flooded lands, lowland rain-fed paddy fields, houses) during the wet and the dry seasons. Habitat preference was common, and rodent and shrew species were found only in houses or in rain-fed paddy fields or in forests. Among 649 small mammals trapped belonging to 12 rodent species and 1 shrew species, 71 of 642 animals tested were carriers of Leptospira according to the 16S ribosomal RNA marker used. Rodent infection was higher in low-slope locations, corresponding to rain-fed paddy fields, especially in the rainy season and in Kaev Seima. Rodents (Rattus exulans) and shrews (Suncus murinus) inhabiting households showed significantly low levels of infections, whereas rodents living in and near to forests (shrubby wasteland, orchards) showed high levels of infection. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Leptospira, Leptospirose, Rongeur, Musaraigne, Vecteur de maladie, Transmission des maladies, Épidémiologie, Santé publique, Facteur climatique, Environnement, habitat, Surveillance épidémiologique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie du Sud-Est, Cambodge

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ivanova Svilena
  • Herbreteau Vincent, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Blasdell Kim R., Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Chaval Yannick, INRA (FRA)
  • Buchy Philippe, Institut Pasteur du Cambodge (KHM)
  • Guillard Bertrand
  • Morand Serge, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-3986-7659

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