Adding value to T. cacao germplasm collections combining GWAS and genome sequence analysis. W118

Lanaud Claire, Santos Alejandra, Jimenez Juan Carlos, Lemainque Arnaud, Pavek Sylvana, Argout Xavier, Fouet Olivier, Seguine Edward, Assemat Sophie, Davrieux Fabrice, Boulanger Renaud, Cros Emile, Loor Rey Gaston. 2012. Adding value to T. cacao germplasm collections combining GWAS and genome sequence analysis. W118. In : Plant and Animal Genome XX conference, San diego, USA, January 14-18 2012,. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, 1 p. Plant and Animal Genome conference. 20, San Diego, États-Unis, 14 January 2012/18 January 2012.

Paper without proceedings
[img] Published version - Anglais
Use under authorization by the author or CIRAD.

Télécharger (39kB)

Abstract : Large germplasm collections exist for the conservation of Theobroma cacao genetic resources. These collections have been extensively characterised for many cocoa useful traits. Genotyping of these genetic resources provide valuable information to decipher the genetic and molecular bases of T. cacao useful traits using genome wide association studies (GWAS). Due to reduced confidence interval of the trait/marker associations, compared to classical QTL studies, the search for candidate genes at the origin of trait variations is facilitated when exploring the genome sequence recently produced. An example is given for the study of quality traits carried out in a collection of genetic resources corresponding to an hybrid " Nacional " pool, cultivated in Ecuador and characterised by its floral flavor allowing to classify it as fine flavor cocoa. Quality traits of each of the 170 individuals of this population has been characterised for sensorial and biochemical (108 volatils and 7 non volatils) traits evaluated on non roasted and roasted cocoa beans, and potentially linked to quality. The population was genotyped with 180 SSR. Many marker/trait associations were revealed for sensorial and biochemical traits. The search for candidate genes involved in the trait variation was made with the Criollo genome sequence. Several candidate genes have been identified, and particularly for polyphenols, fat and terpenes compound variation. (Texte integral)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lanaud Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6411-7310
  • Santos Alejandra, INIAP (ECU)
  • Jimenez Juan Carlos, INIAP (ECU)
  • Lemainque Arnaud, CNG (FRA)
  • Pavek Sylvana, CNG (FRA)
  • Argout Xavier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0100-5511
  • Fouet Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8547-1474
  • Seguine Edward
  • Assemat Sophie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Davrieux Fabrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Boulanger Renaud, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9396-5634
  • Cros Emile
  • Loor Rey Gaston, INIAP (ECU)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2019-10-05 ]