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Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. collected in two areas of Benin

Alitonou Guy Alain, Sessou Philippe, Tchobo Paul Fidèle, Noudogbessi Jean-Pierre, Avlessi Félicien, Yehouenou Boniface, Menut Chantal, Villeneuve Pierre, Sohounhloue Dominique Codjo Koko. 2012. Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oils of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. collected in two areas of Benin. International Journal of Biosciences, 2 (8) : pp. 58-66.

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Abstract : The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from leaves of three samples of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) growing in Benin were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. To date the biological functions of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. essential oils have not been demonstrated scientifically. We investigated the chemical composition of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. essential oils and their antiradical antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory activities. Twenty three compounds were identified and quantified in the oils. The essential oils are rich in hydrocarbons monoterpenic. The major compounds being ?-terpinene (48.8%, 60.0%, 63.7%), ascaridole (19.7%, 13.8%, 11.7%), p-cymene (19.1%, 15.4%, 19.0%) and isoascaridole (2.5%, 1.6%, 0.7%). The antiradical and anti-inflammatory. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Chenopodium ambrosioides, Extrait d'origine végétale, Huile essentielle, Composition chimique, Monoterpène, Propriété antimicrobienne, Propriété physicochimique, Anti-inflammatoire

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Mots-clés complémentaires : Activité biologique

Classification Agris : Q60 - Processing of non-food or non-feed agricultural products
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
000 - Autres thèmes

Axe stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2005-2013)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Alitonou Guy Alain, UAC (BEN)
  • Sessou Philippe, UAC (BEN)
  • Tchobo Paul Fidèle, UAC (BEN)
  • Noudogbessi Jean-Pierre, UAC (BEN)
  • Avlessi Félicien, UAC (BEN)
  • Yehouenou Boniface, UAC (BEN)
  • Menut Chantal, UM1 (FRA)
  • Villeneuve Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR IATE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1685-1494
  • Sohounhloue Dominique Codjo Koko, UAC (BEN)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/565217/)

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