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Always Look on Both Sides: Phylogenetic Information Conveyed by Simple Sequence Repeat Allele Sequences

Barthe Stéphanie, Gugerli Felix, Barkley Noelle A., Maggia Laurent, Cardi Céline, Scotti Ivan. 2012. Always Look on Both Sides: Phylogenetic Information Conveyed by Simple Sequence Repeat Allele Sequences. PloS One, 7 (7):e40699, 9 p.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers are widely used tools for inferences about genetic diversity, phylogeography and spatial genetic structure. Their applications assume that variation among alleles is essentially caused by an expansion or contraction of the number of repeats and that, accessorily, mutations in the target sequences follow the stepwise mutation model (SMM). Generally speaking, PCR amplicon sizes are used as direct indicators of the number of SSR repeats composing an allele with the data analysis either ignoring the extent of allele size differences or assuming that there is a direct correlation between differences in amplicon size and evolutionary distance. However, without precisely knowing the kind and distribution of polymorphism within an allele (SSR and the associated flanking region (FR) sequences), it is hard to say what kind of evolutionary message is conveyed by such a synthetic descriptor of polymorphism as DNA amplicon size. In this study, we sequenced several SSR alleles in multiple populations of three divergent tree genera and disentangled the types of polymorphisms contained in each portion of the DNA amplicon containing an SSR. The patterns of diversity provided by amplicon size variation, SSR variation itself, insertions/deletions (indels), and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) observed in the FRs were compared. Amplicon size variation largely reflected SSR repeat number. The amount of variation was as large in FRs as in the SSR itself. The former contributed significantly to the phylogenetic information and sometimes was the main source of differentiation among individuals and populations contained by FR and SSR regions of SSR markers. The presence of mutations occurring at different rates within a marker's sequence offers the opportunity to analyse evolutionary events occurring on various timescales, but at the same time calls for caution in the interpretation of SSR marker data when the distribution of within-locus polymorphism is not known. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Quercus petraea, Quercus robur, Jacaranda, Citrus, Phylogénie, Variation génétique, Polymorphisme génétique, Séquence nucléotidique, ADN, Marqueur génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guyane française, Suisse, Californie

Mots-clés complémentaires : SSR

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Barthe Stéphanie, CIRAD-FORET-UMR ECOFOG (GUF)
  • Gugerli Felix, Swiss Federal Research Institute (CHE)
  • Barkley Noelle A., USDA (USA)
  • Maggia Laurent, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (NCL)
  • Cardi Céline, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Scotti Ivan, CIRAD-FORET-UMR ECOFOG (GUF)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/565472/)

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