Reversible oxygen-tolerant hydrogenase carried by free-living N2-fixing bacteria isolated from the rhizospheres of rice, maize, and wheat

Roumagnac Philippe, Richaud Pierre, Barakat Mohamed, Ortet Philippe, Roncato Marie-Anne, Heulin Thierry, Peltier Gilles, Achouak Wafa, Cournac Laurent. 2012. Reversible oxygen-tolerant hydrogenase carried by free-living N2-fixing bacteria isolated from the rhizospheres of rice, maize, and wheat. MicrobiologyOpen, 1 (4) : pp. 349-361.

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Abstract : Hydrogen production by microorganisms is often described as a promising sustainable and clean energy source, but still faces several obstacles, which prevent practical application. Among them, oxygen sensitivity of hydrogenases represents one of the major limitations hampering the biotechnological implementation of photobiological production processes. Here, we describe a hierarchical biodiversity-based approach, including a chemochromic screening of hydrogenase activity of hundreds of bacterial strains collected from several ecosystems, followed by mass spectrometry measurements of hydrogenase activity of a selection of the H2-oxidizing bacterial strains identified during the screen. In all, 131 of 1266 strains, isolated from cereal rhizospheres and basins containing irradiating waste, were scored as H2-oxidizing bacteria, including Pseudomonas sp., Serratia sp., Stenotrophomonas sp., Enterobacter sp., Rahnella sp., Burkholderia sp., and Ralstonia sp. isolates. Four free-living N2-fixing bacteria harbored a high and oxygen-tolerant hydrogenase activity, which was not fully inhibited within entire cells up to 150-250 lmol/L O2 concentration or within soluble protein extracts up to 25-30 lmol/L. The only hydrogenase-related genes that we could reveal in these strains were of the hyc type (subunits of formate hydrogenlyase complex). The four free-living N2-fixing bacteria were closely related to Enterobacter radicincitans based on the sequences of four genes (16S rRNA, rpoB, hsp60, and hycE genes). These results should bring interesting prospects for microbial biohydrogen production and might have ecophysiological significance for bacterial adaptation to the oxic-anoxic interfaces in the rhizosphere. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Zea mays, Triticum, Métabolisme, Activité enzymatique, Rhizosphère, Bactérie fixatrice de l'azote, Gène, Hydrogène, Oxygène, Enterobacter, Pseudomonas, Spectrométrie de masse, Serratia, Burkholderiaceae

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France, Viet Nam, Égypte, Sénégal, Martinique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Stenotrophomonas, Rahnella

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Roumagnac Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5002-6039
  • Richaud Pierre, CNRS (FRA)
  • Barakat Mohamed, CNRS (FRA)
  • Ortet Philippe, CNRS (FRA)
  • Roncato Marie-Anne, CNRS (FRA)
  • Heulin Thierry, CNRS (FRA)
  • Peltier Gilles, CNRS (FRA)
  • Achouak Wafa, CNRS (FRA)
  • Cournac Laurent, CNRS (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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