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Practices associated with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza spread in traditional poultry marketing chains: Social and economic perspectives

Paul Mathilde, Baritaux Virginie, Wongnarkpet Sirichai, Poolkhet Chaithep, Thanapongtharm Weerapong, Roger François, Bonnet Pascal, Ducrot Christian. 2013. Practices associated with Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza spread in traditional poultry marketing chains: Social and economic perspectives. Acta Tropica, 126 (1) : pp. 43-53.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : TROPICAL MEDICINE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PARASITOLOGY

Abstract : In developing countries, smallholder poultry production contributes to food security and poverty alleviation in rural areas. However, traditional poultry marketing chains have been threatened by the epidemics caused by the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (H5N1) virus. The article presents a value chain analysis conducted on the traditional poultry marketing chain in the rural province of Phitsanulok, Thailand. The analysis is based on quantitative data collected on 470 backyard chicken farms, and on qualitative data collected on 28 poultry collectors, slaughterhouses and market retailers, using semi-structured interviews. The article examines the organization of poultry marketing chains in time and space, and shows how this may contribute to the spread of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 in the small-scale poultry sector. The article also discusses the practices and strategies developed by value chain actors facing poultry mortality, with their economic and social determinants. More broadly, this study also illustrates how value chain analysis can contribute to a better understanding of the complex mechanisms associated with the spread of epidemics in rural communities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Viande de volaille, Élevage de volailles, Influenzavirus aviaire, Transmission des maladies, Contamination biologique, Petite exploitation agricole, Santé animale, Politique sanitaire, Circuit de commercialisation, Enquête, Pauvreté, Environnement socioéconomique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande

Classification Agris : Q03 - Food contamination
E70 - Trade, marketing and distribution
L73 - Animal diseases
L70 - Veterinary science and hygiene - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Paul Mathilde, INRA (FRA)
  • Baritaux Virginie, Université de Clermont-Ferrand (FRA)
  • Wongnarkpet Sirichai, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Poolkhet Chaithep, Kasetsart University (THA)
  • Thanapongtharm Weerapong, Department of Livestock Development (THA)
  • Roger François, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-1573-6833
  • Bonnet Pascal, CIRAD-ES-UMR SELMET (FRA)
  • Ducrot Christian, INRA (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/567307/)

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