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Taro leaf blight - A threat to food security

Singh Davinder, Jackson Grahame, Hunter Danny, Fullerton Robert, Lebot Vincent, Taylor Mary B., Iosefa Tolo, Okpul Tom, Tyson Joy. 2012. Taro leaf blight - A threat to food security. Agriculture (Basel), 2 (3) : pp. 182-203.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Abstract : Taro leaf blight (caused by the Oomycete Phytophthora colocasiae) is a disease of major importance in many regions of the world where taro is grown. Serious outbreaks of taro leaf blight in Samoa in 1993 and in the last few years in Cameroon, Ghana and Nigeria continue to demonstrate the devastating impact of this disease on the livelihoods and food security of small farmers and rural communities dependent on the crop. The spread of the disease to new geographical areas also poses a major threat to neighbouring countries and taro growing regions still free from the disease. Past research, particularly in the Pacific, has demonstrated that management measures such as chemical and cultural control are largely ineffective and that breeding for disease resistance is the most sustainable approach to manage the disease. Recently, the Pacific and South-east Asian regional taro networks have made excellent progress in developing cultivars resistant to taro leaf blight through enhanced utilization of taro genetic resources and close collaboration between farmers and researchers in breeding programs. These programs have secured vital taro genetic resources for future use. This paper provides an overview of the disease, its origin, distribution, biology, epidemiology, management and global impact. The paper will largely focus on breeding strategies to address the disease including challenges, opportunities and constraints. It also discusses how these breeding experiences and outputs can be scaled up to other geographical areas where the disease has been recently introduced or under threat of introduction. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Phytophthora, Colocasia esculenta, Résistance génétique, Résistance aux maladies, Épidémiologie, Contrôle de maladies, Méthode de lutte, Distribution géographique, Provenance, Symptome, Évaluation de l'impact, sécurité alimentaire

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Nigéria, Ghana, Cameroun, Monde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Phytophthora colocasiae

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Singh Davinder, University of Sydney (AUS)
  • Jackson Grahame
  • Hunter Danny, Bioversity International (ITA)
  • Fullerton Robert, New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research (NZL)
  • Lebot Vincent, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (VUT)
  • Taylor Mary B., CEPACT (FJI)
  • Iosefa Tolo, University of South Pacific (WSM)
  • Okpul Tom, University of Papua New Guinea (PNG)
  • Tyson Joy, New Zealand Institute for Plant and Food Research (NZL)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/568170/)

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