Massive sorghum collection genotyped with SSR markers to enhance use of global genetic resources

Billot Claire, Ramu Punna, Bouchet Sophie, Chantereau Jacques, Deu Monique, Gardes Laëtitia, Noyer Jean-Louis, Rami Jean-François, Rivallan Ronan, Li Yu, Lu Ping, Wang Tianyu, Folkertsma Rolf T., Arnaud Elizabeth, Upadhyaya Hari D., Glaszmann Jean-Christophe, Hash Charles Tom. 2013. Massive sorghum collection genotyped with SSR markers to enhance use of global genetic resources. PloS One, 8 (4):e59714, 16 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Large ex situ collections require approaches for sampling manageable amounts of germplasm for in-depth characterization and use. We present here a large diversity survey in sorghum with 3367 accessions and 41 reference nuclear SSR markers. Of 19 alleles on average per locus, the largest numbers of alleles were concentrated in central and eastern Africa. Cultivated sorghum appeared structured according to geographic regions and race within region. A total of 13 groups of variable size were distinguished. The peripheral groups in western Africa, southern Africa and eastern Asia were the most homogeneous and clearly differentiated. Except for Kafir, there was little correspondence between races and marker-based groups. Bicolor, Caudatum, Durra and Guinea types were each dispersed in three groups or more. Races should therefore better be referred to as morphotypes. Wild and weedy accessions were very diverse and scattered among cultivated samples, reinforcing the idea that large gene-flow exists between the different compartments. Our study provides an entry to global sorghum germplasm collections. Our reference marker kit can serve to aggregate additional studies and enhance international collaboration. We propose a core reference set in order to facilitate integrated phenotyping experiments towards refined functional understanding of sorghum diversity. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum, Collection de matériel génétique, Ressource génétique végétale, Gestion des ressources, Marqueur génétique, ADN, Variation génétique, Locus des caractères quantitatifs, Distribution géographique, Provenance, Germplasm, Génétique des populations, Sorghum bicolor

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Inde, Chine, France, Monde

Mots-clés complémentaires : SSR

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Billot Claire, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Ramu Punna, ICRISAT (IND)
  • Bouchet Sophie
  • Chantereau Jacques
  • Deu Monique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Gardes Laëtitia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Noyer Jean-Louis, CIRAD-DG-Direction générale (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7389-5621
  • Rami Jean-François, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5679-3877
  • Rivallan Ronan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Li Yu, CAAS (CHN)
  • Lu Ping, CAAS (CHN)
  • Wang Tianyu, CAAS (CHN)
  • Folkertsma Rolf T., ICRISAT (IND)
  • Arnaud Elizabeth, Bioversity International (FRA)
  • Upadhyaya Hari D., ICRISAT (IND)
  • Glaszmann Jean-Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-9918-875X
  • Hash Charles Tom, ICRISAT (IND)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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