Malagasy local land offices: what are the determinants of their integration in the local governance?

Andrianirina Nicole, Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo, Burnod Perrine. 2013. Malagasy local land offices: what are the determinants of their integration in the local governance?. In : Annual Work Bank Conference on Land and Poverty 2013, Washington, USA, April 8-11, 2013. World Bank. s.l. : s.n., 18 p. Annual World Bank Conference on Land and Poverty, Washington, États-Unis, 8 April 2013/11 April 2013.

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Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : In 2005, Madagascar embarked on a major land reform whose foundation is inter alia based on the establishment of new decentralized land administration operated by the Communes: the Local Land Office (LLO or Guichets Fonciers). Upon its establishment, the LLO is facing three main challenges: its effective management and valuation by local authorities, its ownership by the population, and over all its financial sustainability. Six years after the first LLO was inaugurated, the overall statement depicts mixed statuses related to their performances, ownership by local stakeholders and perpetuation. This paper aims at highlighting the determinants that could influence the upholding of these Local Land Offices as well as the quality of their operation, and targets to unravel key conditions towards their sustainability. On the basis of a set of in-depth studies and field experiences conducted by the Malagasy Land Observatory on LLO and local governance, the paper uses a general assessment covering more than 300 Communes in 2012. The paper delineates the stakes and challenges related to the decentralization of land management and the institution of LLO. It compares the local context, the operating conditions and the social interactions of 3 groups of LLO according to their upholding pathways. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : E11 - Land economics and policies
E14 - Development economics and policies
E50 - Rural sociology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Andrianirina Nicole, Observatoire du foncier (MDG)
  • Andrianirina Ratsialonana Rivo, Observatoire du foncier (MDG)
  • Burnod Perrine, CIRAD-ES-UMR TETIS (MDG)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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