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Prediction of carotenoids, cyanide and dry matter contents in fresh cassava root using NIRS and Hunter color techniques

Sanchez Teresa, Ceballos Hernan, Dufour Dominique, Ortiz D., Morante Nelson, Calle Fernando, Zum Felde Thomas, Dominguez Morgane, Davrieux Fabrice. 2014. Prediction of carotenoids, cyanide and dry matter contents in fresh cassava root using NIRS and Hunter color techniques. Food Chemistry, 151 : pp. 444-451.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : CHEMISTRY, APPLIED / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : NUTRITION & DIETETICS

Abstract : Efforts are currently underway to improve carotenoids content in cassava roots through conventional breeding as a strategy to reduce vitamin A deficiency. However, only few samples can be quantified each day for total carotenoids (TCC) and b-carotene (TBC) contents, limiting the gains from breeding. A database with >3000 samples was used to evaluate the potential of NIRS and chromameter devices to predict root quality traits. Maximum TTC and TBC were up to 25.5 and 16.6 lg/g (fresh weight basis), respectively. NIRS predictions were highly satisfactory for dry matter content (DMC, R2: 0.96), TCC (R2: 0.92) and TBC (R2: 0.93). NIRS could also distinguish roots with high or low cyanogenic potential (R2: 0.86). Hunter color parameters could also be used for predictions, but with lower accuracy than NIRS. NIRS or chromameter improve selection protocols, allowing faster gains from breeding. Results also demonstrate that TBC and DMC can be improved simultaneously (required for the adoption of biofortified cassava). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Manioc, Manihot esculenta, Racine, Spectroscopie infrarouge, technique de prévision, Caroténoïde, Teneur en matière sèche, Cyanure, Couleur, Pigmentation, Valeur nutritive, Complémentation, Rétinol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Colombie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Bêta-carotène, Compose cyanogénétique

Classification Agris : Q04 - Food composition
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 3 (2014-2018) - Alimentation durable

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sanchez Teresa, CIAT (COL)
  • Ceballos Hernan, CIAT (COL)
  • Dufour Dominique, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (COL)
  • Ortiz D., CIAT (COL)
  • Morante Nelson, CIAT (COL)
  • Calle Fernando, CIAT (COL)
  • Zum Felde Thomas, CIP (PER)
  • Dominguez Morgane, CIAT (COL)
  • Davrieux Fabrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/571638/)

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