De la producción individual hacia un contrato colectivo: aprendizaje de los agricultores

Dulcire Michel. 2014. De la producción individual hacia un contrato colectivo: aprendizaje de los agricultores. Revista de Ciencias Sociales - Universidad del Zulia. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales, 20 (1) : pp. 71-83.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Espagnol
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Titre anglais : From individual production to a collective contract: Learning from the farmers

Abstract : Few researchers and policy makers take into account the historical and regional construction of relations between producers and other actors in the agri-food chain in their agricultural sector analyses. The management difficulties experienced by "new" farmers on the island of São Tomé, when they received cocoa-producing lands individually after being salaried employees, demonstrate the influence of the past. A study was made using comprehensive surveys of the actors in a new chain of organic cocoa, compared to some actors in the traditional chain. The cocoa farmers involved have had to organize in order to fulfil a contract that connects their cooperative of several communities with a French chocolate company. Those producers have had difficulty adapting to the conditions of a mutual contract. However, little by little, they have begun to compensate for individual and collective lack of initiative with a sociotechnical and organisational learning process, as an outline for emancipation toward more sociotechnical sustainability. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Theobroma cacao, Agriculture contractuelle, Agriculture biologique, Innovation, Groupe d'intérêt, Apprentissage, Organisation socioéconomique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sao Tomé-et-Principe

Classification Agris : E14 - Development economics and policies
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
C20 - Extension
E20 - Organization, administration and management of agricultural enterprises or farms

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2014-2018) - Agriculture écologiquement intensive

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